Thursday, January 18, 2018

Expedient Fallout Shelter: For When It's Real

Tokyo- Japanese public broadcaster NHK issued an on-air apology Tuesday after issuing an alert incorrectly claiming that North Korea had launched a ballistic missile.
On Saturday, residents of Hawaii received the following message from the Emergency Alert System on their phones: “Ballistic missile threat inbound to Hawaii. Seek immediate shelter. This is not a drill.”

These are two portions of news reports that happened last week that got everyone’s attention. It was a good/bad test for Hawaii that I think many failed.

For decades, movies and some in the media have portrayed a nuclear attack as a "doomsday" event implying most people would be killed on impact ... and survivors would want to die once they come out of their shelters. In reality, unless you are actually at ground zero or within a several mile radius of the blast zone (depending on the size of the nuke, of course), there is a very high probability you'll survive as long as you limit your exposure to radiation, take shelter with proper shielding, and wait for the most dangerous radioactive materials to decay.

Reduce exposure - Protect yourself from radioactive fallout with ...
-- distance - the more distance between you and fallout particles, the better
-- shielding - heavy, dense materials (like thick walls, earth, concrete, bricks, water and books) between you and fallout is best. Stay indoors or below ground. (Taking shelter in a basement or a facility below ground reduces exposure by 90%. Less than 4 inches (10 cm) of soil or earth can reduce the penetration of dangerous gamma rays by half.)
-- time - most fallout loses its strength quickly. The more time that passes after the attack, the lower the danger. 90% of the radiation from fallout is gone in seven hours, and 99% of it is gone in 48 hours.
The "seven-ten" rule - For every sevenfold increase in time after the initial blast, there is a tenfold decrease in the radiation rate. For example, a 500 rad level can drop to 50R in 7 hours and down to 5R after 2 days (49 hours). In other words, if you have shelter with good shielding and stay put for even just 7 hours ... you've really increased your chances of survival. Your detection devices, emergency radio or cell phone [if the last 2 are working, that is] can assist you in knowing when it’s safe to come out.

Basic shelter requirements - Whether you build a shelter in advance or throw together an expedient last-minute shelter during a crisis, the area should protect you from radiation and support you for at least 2 weeks. Some basic requirements for a fallout shelter include ...
-- shielding
-- ventilation
-- water and food
-- sanitation and first aid products
-- radiation monitoring devices, radio, tools, firearms, etc.

Shielding materials - All fallout shelters must provide good protection from radioactive particles. FEMA suggests having a minimum of several inches of concrete or 1 to 2 feet of earth as shielding around your shelter, and the more the better. The following shows examples of shielding materials that equal the protection of 4 inches (10 cm) of concrete ...
-- 5 - 6 inches (12 - 15 cm) of bricks
-- 6 inches (15 cm) of sand or gravel
-- 7 inches (18 cm) of earth
-- 8 inches (20 cm) of hollow concrete block
-- 10 inches (25 cm) of water
-- 14 inches (35 cm) of books or magazines
-- 18 inches (46 cm) of wood

Underground is best - Taking shelter in a basement or a facility below ground reduces exposure by 90%. Less than 4 inches (10 cm) of soil or earth can reduce the penetration of dangerous gamma rays by half.

Prefab shelter - If you have bucks, time and land, there are many types of prefabricated shelters you can purchase and have buried on your property. Some have complete living quarters and come fully stocked with food and other items. Suggest you do some research and get references first though.

Outside shelter - There are free books and pamphlets with instructions on building underground fallout shelters by FEMA, Cresson Kearny (author of “Nuclear War Survival Skills”), Shane Connor (CEO of KI4U, Inc.) and others. If you have a few days, tools, property you can dig down into, and don’t mind heavy labor ... check out http://www.oism.org/nwss or http://www.ki4u.com . (Both sites describe other shelters too like lean-tos, pole covered trench shelters, etc.)

Indoor shelter locations - If you don’t have a fallout shelter you can get to safely and quickly, these options could provide protection from dangerous radiation by using shielding materials described below.
-- basement - find the corner that is most below ground level (the further underground you are the better)
-- 1-story home / condo / apartment - if no underground facility, find a spot in center of home away from windows
-- trailer home - find sturdier shelter if at all possible (like a basement or a brick or concrete building)
-- multi-story building or high-rise - go to center of the middle section of the building. Note: if the rooftop of a building next to you is on that same floor, move one floor up or down since radioactive fallout would accumulate on rooftops. Avoid the first floor (if possible) since fallout will pile up on the ground outside.

Indoor shelter shielding - Below are some ways to build an expedient last minute shelter in your home, apartment or workplace. Please realize these tips are very basic things to help protect you from dangerous radiation.
-- Set up a large, sturdy workbench or table in location you’ve chosen (see above). If no table, make one by putting doors on top of boxes, appliances or furniture.
-- Put as much shielding - furniture, file cabinets, appliances, boxes or pillowcases filled with dirt or sand, boxes of food, water or books, concrete blocks, bricks, etc. – all around sides and on top of table, but don’t put too much weight on tabletop or it could collapse. Add reinforcing supports, if needed. (See above about shielding materials and remember, the more shielding you use, the better protection you’ll have from radioactive fallout.)
-- Leave a crawl space so everyone can get inside and be prepared to block opening with shielding materials.
-- Leave 2 small air spaces for ventilation (about 4"-6” each) - one low at one end and one high at other end. (This allows for better airflow since warm air rises.)
-- If you have time and ability to do so, add more mass or shielding materials (like earth) on the floor above you. Support or brace floor from below for the added weight.
-- Have water, detection devices, radio, food and sanitation supplies in case you have to shelter for days or weeks.

Ventilation - While inside a shelter you need to circulate fresh air in to reduce carbon dioxide buildup and help reduce heat. If shelter is above ground, the natural flow of air through cracks or windows outside shelter can help move stale warm air out, but basements and underground shelters may have trouble getting airflow. Some ways to improve airflow ...
-- open a door or window - consider opening a door or window in another part of house or building to improve the natural air circulation (but don’t expose yourself to fallout or high radiation levels and don’t open window in shelter)
-- air pump - by planning ahead you can purchase or make a portable pump (read App. B at http://www.oism.org/nwss/ )
-- directional fanning - make a strong 2-handled fan using 2 sticks (or folded cardboard) and tie or tape a piece of cloth (or 2 pieces of cardboard) between sticks to make a rectangular fan. You want to push warm air out of the shelter so start with fan straight up in front of your face, then forcefully push it out and down with your arms completely extended until fan is parallel with floor (about waist high), pause then repeat often and as needed.

In summary, those within the blast zone of Ground Zero (depending on the size of the nuke) won’t make it .. BUT .. if you are several miles outside the zone your chances of surviving it are high but you MUST have detection devices (e.g. dosimeters, survey meters, KFM kits, RADStickers, NukAlert, etc) to monitor levels of radiation and a plan to stay sheltered for at least 48 hours or up to a few weeks. First Responders will have to wait for the deadly fallout to decay before they enter a hot zone so the more you prepare, the better your odds of surviving a terrorist nuke.

Today’s political climate is similar to the 60’s but I think we’re better educated about nukes. The above was just a starting point for where we should be so that we can survive and thrive.
Consider your own situation and plan.

Semper Paratus
Check 6
Burn

Friday, January 5, 2018

Hearing Protection: Hear Me Out

Safety isn’t always cool and safety isn’t always very exciting. But safety must be at the core of everything we do with guns. The alternative is tragedy and expensive or painful reminders of why we’re talking safety all the time.
I teach the 4 safety rules like this:
The 4 safety rules are:
1 All guns are always loaded
2 Never point a gun at anything you are not willing to destroy
3 Keep your finger off the trigger and out of the trigger guard until ready to shoot
4 Know your target and what’s beyond it
We keep number 3 because of why? Because of 1.
Number 1 is important because of why? So you will never have a negligent discharge because the gun was “unloaded”.
If we keep number 2 even if the gun goes off negligently all will be well.
2, 3, and 4 are in place because of 1.

Personal protection equipment (PPE) is often overlooked. Eye protection and hearing protection is sometimes not stressed because some think it’s an individual choice. I think that’s a cop-out. This just as important as the safety rules. We wear seat belts for our personal protection. We carry guns for personal protection. We should wear PPE every time we shoot for personal protection.
Ear protection is often misunderstood. The following calibers give a report at the following levels.
.25 ACP – 155.0 dB
.32 LONG – 152.4 dB
.32 ACP – 153.5 dB
.380 – 157.7 dB
9mm – 159.8 dB
.38 S&W – 153.5 dB
.38 Spl – 156.3 dB
.357 Magnum – 164.3 dB
.40 S&W – 156.5 dB
.41 Magnum – 163.2 dB
.44 S&W Magnum – 164.5 dB
.44 Spl – 155.9 dB
.45 ACP – 157.0 dB
.45 COLT – 154.7 dB
12 Gauge Shotgun – 155 dB
.22 Pistol or Rifle – 140 dB
M-16 – 160 dB
It’s important to note when sound levels are represented in decibels, the increase in sound intensity is expressed in a logarithmic scale. The softest audible sound—near total silence—is represented as 0 dB. A sound 10 times more powerful is 10 dB. A sound 100 times more powerful than near total silence is 20 dB. A sound 1,000 times more powerful than near total silence is 30 dB. This means a change in volume from 150 dB to 140 dB is a more significant reduction in noise intensity than reducing 50 dB to 40 dB.
For example: NRR 29 is figured with the following,
Subtract 7 dB from the NRR: 29 dB - 7 dB = 22 dB
Divide by 2: 22 ÷ 2 = 11 dB
Subtract 11 dB from the noise
exposure: 80dB - 11 dB = 82 dB
Types of Hearing Protection:
• Passive Ear Plugs – These are basically soft plugs that are usually made from plastic or some type of foam based substance. These plugs are placed into the ear opening and they serve to dampen any high volume sound that the ear is exposed to. They are called “passive” because these plugs don’t utilize any electronic devices that damper noises. Ear plugs are by far the least expensive form of ear protection, but do they actually work well? The sound is dampened a bit, but can still be quite loud. The plugs help some, but they really don’t protect your ears as well as they can be protected.
• Passive Hearing Protection – This model generally is comprised of ear muffs that have a cup which encompasses the entire ear. The muffs are usually attached by a headband or headpiece of some type. Like the passive ear plugs, this model won’t have the electronic sound dampening device. The ear muff style design is nice as the cup has a seal that protects the entire ear from the noise versus the ear plugs which only partially protect the ear canal itself. Most ear muff models have the ability to be adjusted, although some of the less expensive ear muff models may not have this feature. Unfortunately, ear muffs of this design dampen all or most sound, so the wearer can’t hear anyone speaking or any other important sounds.
• Electronic Noise-Cancelling Hearing Protection – This design incorporates an ear muff style and integrates it with electronic technology that reduces the noise down to a level that isn’t harmful to the human ear. The entire sound dampening process takes place faster than the blink of an eye as the suppressed sound is transmitted to the wearer almost instantly. The best feature of electronic hearing protection is the ability to hear everything that is going on around you while you are shooting. In many situations, such as on the range, during training, or while hunting; this can be a great benefit. Of course, due to the technology needed, electronic hearing protection tends to be the most expensive of all the hearing protection devices. A number of the higher end electronic models may have other enhancements such as a separate volume control for each side of the ear muffs, enhanced adjustability, a battery saver feature to conserve battery use, and ambient sound magnification. The ambient sound magnification is a great benefit for hunters as it amplifies noise to a degree that is far greater than the naked ear can hear. At the same time, the augmented sound is instantly dampened when a shot is fired.
Hearing protection isn’t sexy like shooting an M-60 like Rambo, but it is very important for your future. The older you get the more these problems arise and it’s no fun to not be able to hear. Being tough has nothing to do with it. Use PPE when shooting any gun, every time.

Semper Paratus
Check 6
Burn

Wednesday, January 3, 2018

Monthly Read: Book Review For January

Monthly Read: Book Review For January

Poor Man’s James Bond Series (1 through 4) By: Kurt Saxon


Publisher’s Review
Intended originally for the political Right, The Poor Mans James Bond is now geared for use by the Civil Authorities. It embodies all the practical paramilitary knowledge collected and studied by dissident groups through-out America.

My Review

Though much of the information (chemistry, chemicals, improvised weapons, weaponry, bombs, explosives, etc.) found in these books could be used for some home grown domestic terrorism, Mr. Saxon has assembled it all in one handy package for one reason and one reason only. So that you and/or any group of your friends or fellow citizens would have all the info necessary to defend yourselves from all the thugs, punks and assorted two-legged vermin that always seem to come out of the woodwork when any local, state or national disaster strikes.
His program is in no way political, racist or religious. He leaves such considerations to those who seek security in belief rather than practical knowledge.
He claimed that the “opposite” book, “Anarchist Cookbook” was inaccurate and this is the reason for his series.
Some of the information may be handy one day, or not.
As with all things, be careful with this knowledge. Know your laws and what is legal and what is not. Do not break the law and be safe.
There are places on the internet you can find these books free in PDF form.

Tuesday, January 2, 2018

LDS Gunsite Index 2017


Each year I post this index to give you an idea of where stuff is. I hope it is helpful.

Burn

LDS Gunsite Index 2017
Jan (10)
1. Why 9mm Defends Me 1/1/2017
2. Reasons To Carry 1/4/2017
3. January Drill Of The Month 1/4/2017
4. Preparedness Goals 1/12/2017
5. Military Slang For Everyday 1/16/2017
6. Email and Privacy 1/23/2017
7. Guns Make Us Safe 1/26/2017
8. 3rd Year, Oaths, and Immigration Security 1/31/2017
9. LDS Gunsite Index 2016 1/31/2017
10. Overwatch: Drill of the Month for January 1/31/2017
Feb (10)
11. More Immigration Security 2/2/2017
12. Should YOU Carry? 2/2/2017
13. Tacticool Gear 2/8/2017
14. Surviving A Knife Fight 2/14/2017
15. The Survival Gap 2/14/2017
16. Top 5 Articles For 2016 2/15/2017
17. Shooting From The Ground Up 2/16/2017
18. Self-Defense For The Average Guy 2/21/2017
19. My Dear Scouting Is Dying 2/22/2017
20. Gun Safety And You 2/24/2017
Mar (15)
21. Your Precious "Metals": Storing Ammo 3/2/2017
22. The Key To Self-Defense: Keychain Weapons 3/2/2017
23. Overwatch: Drill of The Month For March 3/3/2017
24. When To Draw 3/3/2017
25. EDC: I Love Tac Pens! 3/3/2017
26. When To Leave: REDOUT 3/6/2017
27. Important Questions For Preparedness Planning 3/8/2017
28. Nutrition And Food Storage from FLAG 3/8/2017
29. Biker Attack Security 3/14/2017
20. How To Treat A Stalker 3/15/2017
21. How To Fly With A Gun 3/15/2017
22. Beware The IRS and Other Scams 3/16/2017
23. Mossberg Family Gunmakers 3/20/2017
24. Civilian Response To Active Shooter Event 3/22/2017
25. Brigham Young's .31 Cal 3/24/2017
Apr (10)
26. State Of The World 4/5/2017
27. Overwatch: Drill of the Month For April 4/5/2017
28. The Castle Doctrine And You 4/6/2017
29. After All We Can Do 4/7/2017
30. Stay In The Fight: Freeze, Fight, or Flight 4/12/2017
31. FLAG's Food Storage Journey 4/21/2017
32. Self-Sufficiency 4/26/2017
33. And More Self-sufficiency: Preparedness In The Burbs 4/27/2017
34. .38 Special: Love/Hate Relationship 4/28/2017
35. Eating For Health: The Foundation Of Defense from FLAG 4/28/2017
May (10)
36. The Holy Grail: Shot Placement 5/2/2017
37. Shotguns For Home Defense 5/2/2017
38. Overwatch: Drill Of The Month For May 5/8/2017
39. Jeff Cooper's Birthday: Seven Principles Series, Intro 5/10/2017
40. Eating Healthy By FLAG 5/10/2017
41. LDS Scouting Slipping Away 5/11/2017
42. Part 1 Jeff Cooper's 7 Principles: Alertness and Decisiveness 5/11/2017
43. Peace Officer Memorial Day 5/15/2017
44. Part 2 Jeff Cooper's Seven Principles:
Aggressiveness, Speed, Coolness 5/17/2017
45. Part 3 of Jeff Cooper's Seven Principles:
Ruthlessness and Surprise 5/30/2017
Jun (12)
46. Warrior Checklist From Steve Claggett 6/1/2017
47. Overwatch: Drill of the Month for June 6/6/2017
48. Expand Your Situational Awareness With Drills 6/7/2017
49. Monthly Book Review: June 6/7/2017
50. When Is Fake, Real? When It's News 6/9/2017
51. Learn To Embrace The Suck! 6/14/2017
52. Perfect Practice: Good Habits 6/15/2017
53. Buying Food In Bulk by FLAG 6/21/2017
54. The Darknet: Mystery and Free Speech 6/21/2017
55. Porter Rockwell Philosophy 6/21/2017
56. Don't Be A Sitting Duck! 6/23/2017
57. Rotating Carry and Defense Ammo 6/26/2017
Jul (10)
58. Aim Small 7/6/2017
59. Overwatch: Drill of the Month For July 7/6/2017
60. Eating Healthy and Crap: From FLAG 7/6/2017
61. Monthly Read: Book Review For July 7/6/2017
62. The Unexpected Bang: Negligent Discharge 7/11/2017
63. Concealed carry Advice From A Pro 7/19/2017
64. Security Dealing With A Stalker 7/20/2017
65. Importance Of An Exit 7/26/2017

66. Types Of Surveillance: Who's watching Who? 7/26/2017

67. I'm Not A Knife Guy, I Swear! 7/31/2017

Aug (10)

68. Extreme Weapons And The Atomic Bomb 8/7/2017

69. Monthly Read: Book Review For August 8/7/2017
70. Not Being A Man Of Blood 8/11/2017
71. Overwatch: Drill Of The Month For August 8/11/2017
72. Human Trafficking: How To Prevent Kidnapping 8/14/2017

73. You Carry A Gun? 8/18/2017

74. We Are Not Australia: Gun Control 8/22/2017

75. Choirboy and Burns List of Security At Church 8/23/2017

76. Concealed Carry “Don’ts” 8/23/2017
77. Who Decides? 8/28/2017

SEP (12)

78. Strike First to Survive 9/1/2017

79. Emergency Preparedness Security 9/4/2017

80. Remembering 9-11 9/11/2017

81. LDS Missionary Fights Back After Attack In Brazil 9/13/2017

82. Monthly Read: Book Review For September 9/13/2017

83. Overwatch: Drill Of The Month for September 9/13/2017

84. Safe Water: Boiling 9/19/2017

85. Reality Based Training 9/19/2017

86. Basic Privacy: Big Brother Is Out There 9/21/2017
87. Saving Water Damaged Guns 9/22/2017

88. National Situational Awareness Day 9/26/2017

89. Wet Ammunition 9/26/2017

OCT (11)

90. Your Safety And Security Is Your Responsibility 10/3/2017

91. Porter Rockwell and The OODA Loop 10/3/2017

92. How To Store Ammo and How Much 10/5/2017

93. Mainstream Media Does It Again 10/5/2017

94. Monthly Read: Book Review For October 10/5/2017

95. What We Can Learn From The Vegas Shooting 10/12/2017

96. Snipers 10/12/2017

97. Overwatch: Drill Of The Month For October 10/13/2017

98. Privacy: Scribbling 10/19/2017

99. Buying A Glock Is Dangerous! 10/20/2017

100. Some Phone Apps To Consider 10/31/2017

NOV (5)

101. Utah State Firearm: 1911 and John Browning 11/2/2017

102. Current State Of Our Lives: Church Security 11/11/2017

103. Changing Hearts and Minds: Teaching Shooting 11/15/2017

104. Stats, Reality, And Always Being Armed 11/16/2017

105. Monthly Read: Book Review For November 11/17/2017

DEC (9)

106. Reminders Of OP Rockwell Philosophy 12/1/2017

107. December 7th and Christmas 12/7/2017

108. EDC Ideas 12/7/2017

109. Suicide Bomber Profiles 12/13/2017

110. Tips In Being Vigilant During Christmas Season 12/14/2017

111. Bugout To Survive 12/16/2017

112. Security Mindset 12/16/2017

113. Monthly Read: Book Review For December 12/18/2017

114. Buying A Tourniquet 12/21/2017

115. Porter Rockwell and Christmas 1847 12/23/2017

Semper Paratus
Check 6
Burn

Saturday, December 23, 2017

Porter Rockwell and Christmas 1847

December 25th,1843, Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum had celebrated Christmas to the fullest.
After being awakened about 1 o'clock in the morning by a large group of harmonizing carolers, they had returned to rest until shortly after daybreak. An hour or so was devoted to necessary Church business. Then the day was spent celebrating Christmas by feasting and dancing "in a most cheerful and friendly manner."The evening was capped off by a large party at the Prophet's home. A long haired interloper barged into the room. Joseph and the chief of police tried to throw the invader out and a scuffle ensued. In that effort the party crasher's face was exposed in full to Joseph, who later noted, "to my great surprise and joy untold, I discovered it was my long tried, warm, but cruelly persecuted friend, Orrin Porter Rockwell." Rockwell had escaped from the Missouri jails after spending more than a year threin (without conviction), and had made his way to Nauvoo. It was, for Joseph, the end of a perfect day in which the Lord's birth was celebrated and an old friend restored to the fold. (See History of the Church 6:134135.)
After hearing Rockwell’s story, Joseph Smith made a Samson-like prophecy: as long as Rockwell did not cut his hair and remained faithful to the Gospel, his enemies could never touch him. Rockwell lived by the prophet’s promise, cutting his hair only once to make a wig for Joseph’s widowed sister-in-law recovering from typhoid fever. And until his dying day, the prophecy held true for Rockwell who escaped dozens of showdowns with notable marksmen without a scratch. On one such occasion, sharp-shooter Loren Dibble unloaded both his guns at Rockwell on Lehi Main Street in broad daylight without even ruffling Rockwell’’s composure.
Porter always professed his innocence in the Governor Boggs’ assassination attempt, using as his evidence, “I’ve never shot at anybody. If I shoot, they get shot. He’s still alive, isn’t he?”
I hope you can remember the prophets friend and protector and his life sustaining and defending the Church. In a small way this return of Porter’s on Christmas, the Prophet’s and Hyrum’s last Christmas, was a special time for the old body guard. His tactical know-how could not save Joseph Smith but he saved and protected many in the Church throughout his long life. Porter did give his life for the gospel.

At this Christmas season 2017 I hope you will remember the real reason for this season. We celebrate the birth, mission, atonement, and love of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. He is the light and truth of this world and the only way for us to return to our Father in Heaven.

Semper Paratus
Check 6
Burn

Thursday, December 21, 2017

Buying A Tourniquet

I am married to an ex-healthcare professional. I call her FLAG here as her call sign. She worked in a hospital and kept our many kids alive through their childhoods. So I have been around the medical field, but really have a limited training and experience. My son is an EMT and so I hear his stories and opinion on certain operations and gear. What I’m trying to say is I have to go other places for my medical information.
I am interested in tourniquets and in using them. This information comes from what I consider a credible source.
As usual, I am not a doctor, and this is not medical advice. I present this so that you may choose the tourniquets you want to purchase and learn to use.

Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) Guidelines and civilian EMS
Committee on Tactical Combat Casualty Care (CoTCCC) guidelines for the use of tourniquets.
All sources of bleeding should be controlled. A CoTCCC recommended limb tourniquet should be used to control life-threatening external hemorrhage or for any traumatic amputation. It is recommended to apply the tourniquet directly to the skin two to three inches above the injury. If the bleeding does not stop with the first tourniquet, a second tourniquet should be applied side-by-side with the first. For those injuries in which a limb tourniquet is not possible, a junctional tourniquet should be used.
As with any intervention, it is important to reassess the tourniquet to make sure that it has not slipped out of place or lost constriction integrity. Ensure that the hemorrhage is controlled. If bleeding continues or a distal pulse remains, consider tightening the tourniquet or use an additional tourniquet side-by-side with the first tourniquet. Then reassess to ensure that both bleeding and the distal pulse have ceased.
• Limb and junctional tourniquets should be replaced by hemostatic or pressure dressings as soon as possible if all of the following criteria is met:
• The patient is not in shock
• It is possible to monitor the wound closely for bleeding
• The tourniquet is not being used to control hemorrhage from an amputated extremity
Every effort should be made to convert tourniquets in less than two hours if bleeding can be controlled by other means. If possible, clearly mark all tourniquet sites with the time that the tourniquet was applied.
The CoTCCC 2014 guidelines approved the following limb and junctional tourniquets for military use:
• Combat Application Tourniquet (CAT)
• Special Operations Forces Tourniquet-Tactical (SOFTT)
• Emergency and Military Tourniquet
• Combat Ready Clamp (Croc) (junctional)
• Junctional Emergency Treatment Tool (JETT)
• SAM® Junctional Tourniquet.

I hope this was valuable information for you. I have always been partial to the SOFTT tourniquet only because it’s what I had in the military. They are not cheap in comparison. There is another that is much cheaper and I think just as good. The CAT. It’s the top of this list and it’s about 1/3 the price of the SOFTT.
Learn to use tourniquets properly and then make an informed decision. I think every first aid kit should have at least 1 tourniquet. Tourniquets used to be a “last resort” procedure. With combat medicine learning and experiencing so much during middle-east combat tourniquets have saved countless lives when used correctly.

Semper Paratus
Check 6
Burn