Thursday, October 19, 2017

Privacy: Scribbling

I talk a lot about privacy and security here. I have been in the habit of writing certain communication down by hand. My kids think I’m old, but that’s not it. I love the digital world and use it as much as possible. If you put information on a computer and delete it, is really gone? It is not gone until it is over written. Can you control when that happens? Perhaps my son the computer science major can do this, but most of us cannot. If I want something to be really delete-able, I write it down. Then I can destroy what it was written on. There are also ways of making your writing illegible. This is not the best way to dispose of your writing, but you may want to preserve what is written on.
Sometimes we handwrite short pieces of text that should be destroyed after it had served its useful purpose. It could be a password, an address, a name, etc. It could be something you don’t want your roommate to ask questions about, or something you don’t want a random dumpster diver to collect.
There are a number of possible ways to purge this sensitive information, but many are unsatisfactory. Crossing out the text with a pen is among the lamest, as the information is readily recoverable. Manually tearing the paper into bits is messy, imprecise, and possible to reconstruct. Cutting with scissors is okay but still cumbersome. Shredding with an actual office shredder is good but not always available. Cross-cut shredders are much better than strip cut shredders. Physical destruction with fire, water, or chemicals is possible but very messy.
In fact there is a simple way to destroy handwritten text, simply overwrite it with more handwritten text until it’s no longer possible to distinguish what text is true and what text is nonsense. It’s helpful to overwrite with the same kind of plausible content. For example overwriting numbers with random numbers, overwriting names with names, overwriting English sentences with general phrases. If the same pen is used for the original writing and the overwriting, then it’s sufficient to add 2 to 4 layers of overwritten text. If the pen is not the same, then it’s best to use 3 or more different pens of similar colors to do the overwriting. This way it’s difficult to tell which pen wrote the real information and which pen wrote the gibberish.
Note that this technique of overwriting cannot safely destroy printed material, because the look of handwritten text is too distinct from typefaces, and pen stroke ink looks very different from laser printer toner or offset printing ink. Printed materials still need to be shredded properly; there’s no shortcut for that. Also for handwriting, avoid overwriting with simple patterns like long straight lines, periodic loops, etc. You should overwrite with text that actually imitates the sensitive text, because this is what makes it hard to separate the content from fiction. Finally note that overwriting is tedious for more than a paragraph of text, so bulk destruction of paper should still seek a proper cross-cut shredder.
Privacy, like most security, is a lot of work. It’s worth the peace of mind but it takes a lot more work to be secure than to just let things slide. Be vigilant.
Semper Paratus
Check 6

Friday, October 13, 2017

Overwatch: Drill Of The Month For October


Reload drill

At a distance of 10 yards, you will have a loaded chamber. Fire your round at the target. Within a 3-second window you should be able to drop the magazine and then deliver a second shot on target. For those who use revolvers for self-defense, the importance of speed reloading in defensive scenarios is just as real. The goal is 3 seconds. Practice to where you can make a speed reload on an empty revolver, AND a full cylinder of empties, or a successful mag change.

The reality of this drill is that it is as important as immediate action drills to clear a problem. I think it’s the most important drill for wheel-gun shooters.

Repeat 3 times with 2 shots.

See “Overwatch: Drill of the Month” page for more drills

Thursday, October 12, 2017


I’m not a big sniper fan. Now before you misunderstand, know that I’m am in awe of distance shooters. They are amazing! I also understand and appreciate their value in combat. I’m just no good at it. I can hit a deer or an elk (in other words, the side of a barn!) at about 200 to 300 yards. That’s about my limit. I have not even tried that for well over 20 years. So that’s why I’m not a sniper fan. Because I’m horrible at it. Everything I have is zeroed at 50.
Having said the above I do have heroes who are snipers. Carlos Hathcock, to me, is the “father” of modern sniping. Even though there are some good ones who went before. Chris Kyle is also one of my favourites and not for the reasons of being well known with movies and other things. I admired him when he was alive when not too many people knew his name. I do feel he is deserving of his fame and remembrance. I take note of his birthday here on this blog every year.
So here I’d like to celebrate the record holders of military snipers.
The current record holder is 3,540 meters, just over 2 miles away.
His name is unknown at this time because he was still an active sniper in Afghanistan. But he is from the Canadian Joint Task Force 2 and he used a McMillan TAC-50 50 cal rifle. What an amazing shot.
Now Canadian Forces hold 3 of the top 5 spots for furthest sniper shot.
The others being:
Craig Harrison
In November of 2009, UK Corporal of Horse (CoH) Craig Harrison of the Household Cavalry Life Guards fired a shot from an Accuracy International L115A3 during the War in Afghanistan that traveled an astounding distance of 2,707 yards, again substantially beating out the previous record holder. This was no coincidental achievement either. Harrison had to creatively modify his equipment on the fly to achieve the level of accuracy needed to make the shot over such a tremendous distance. Nonetheless, Harrison does say in his reports that he owed part of his accomplishment to the fine weather, which was optimal for long-range shooting.
Rob Furlong
Furlong was a member of the Canadian infantry, and managed to beat out his Arron Perry’s record within the same month during the War in Afghanistan. After Perry set his record, Furlong beat it with a kill ranging 2,657 yards—a substantially longer shot, during Operation Anaconda. Furlong used the exact same type of weapon as Perry and the latest record holder, the McMillan TAC-50
Arron Perry
In March 2002, this Canadian soldier in the 3rd Battalion, Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry broke the long-held record by Carlos Hathcock, shooting a McMillan TAC-50 over a range of 2,526 yards during the War in Afghanistan.
Brian Kremer
Kremer holds the fifth spot for a shot placed from a range of 2,515 yards, narrowly beating out Hathcock’s record. This U.S. soldier used a Barrett M82A1 and was a member of the 2nd Ranger Battalion in the Iraq War. He was not however the first to break Hathcock’s record. Kremer’s shot came in 2004, two years after Corporal Rob Furlong and Master Corporal Arron Perry broke Hathcock’s record in 2002.
I include Carlos Hathcock in this list of great snipers. Carlos won the 1965 Wimbledon Cup at Camp Perry, Ohio which is a 1000 yards hi-powered rifle match.
This U.S. marine is still considered a legend, and rightly so. In over forty years, only five other snipers have managed to break his 1967 record.
Hathcock’s most respected work as a sniper was done during his two tours of service in the Vietnam War. He set the record (since broken) for the longest documented sniper kill—a confirmed kill at 2,500 yards (1.42 miles) with a .50-caliber Browning rifle. He was also in a five-day engagement that devastated an entire company of Viet Cong soldiers. One of the most disciplined kills he made was accomplished by crawling 1,500 yards across an open field over the course of three sleepless days to take one successful shot at a Viet Cong general. (Skeptics have commented that no Viet Cong general is known to have died of gunshot wounds during the years Hathcock was in Vietnam. But you be the judge.)
Perhaps Hathcock’s most legendary kill was when he shot an enemy sniper who was hunting him in order to claim the several-thousand-dollar bounty that the Viet Cong had placed on “White Feather,” a nickname that Hathcock had earned because he wore a small white feather in his cap. The kill was made without ever seeing his enemy; he saw a glint of light in the jungle foliage and gambled on taking the shot. The kill was confirmed, and the enemy’s sniper rifle was found next to the body with the scope hollowed out by the bullet that had traveled its length and entered into the enemy sniper’s eye. This shooting is widely imitated in movies, including The Sniper (1993) and Saving Private Ryan (1998).
Hathcock’s second tour in Vietnam abruptly ended on September 16, 1969, when he was riding an assault vehicle that struck a 500-pound mine near the South Vietnamese village of Que-Son. Despite being covered with flaming gasoline that burned him almost beyond recognition, he returned to the vehicle and rescued seven marines. He refused a recommendation for a Medal of Honor for this heroic act but was awarded a belated Silver Star in 1996. After recovering from the burns, he served for another ten years, training USMC snipers until his forced medical retirement in 1979; he had been diagnosed with multiple sclerosis in 1975.
After battling multiple sclerosis for over twenty-five years, Hathcock died on February 22, 1999. He is buried at Woodlawn Memorial Gardens in Norfolk, Virginia.

On the team trophy at Camp Perry it depicts a soldier in a helmet holding a pack of 4 dogs depicting the Shakespeare line from “Julius Ceasar”:
"Cry 'Havoc!', and let slip the dogs of war,” (Shakespeare’s “Julius Ceasar”)

There is always a place for learning distance shooting. It can be challenging and fun, or can just put meat in your freezer. I’ve decided to shoot with my hunting rifle at least monthly to try and stay current on the weapon. Maybe with some practice I can hit the bra side of a barn!

Semper Paratus
Check 6

What We Can Learn From The Vegas Shooting

Things I Learned From Vegas Shooting

I recently went all over the internet to read and listen to eye-witness accounts of those who were at the concert in Vegas when shots rang out. My thoughts and prayers still go out to the families and friends of those murdered and injured.
In reviewing these accounts I learned a few things I’d like to share here.

1.When in a crowd, no matter where or what, know where your exits are. You must know what you consider your primary route to that exit and a secondary route and exit. This exit should not be your entrance, although your entrance can be your 3rd or 4th exit. Most people in a panic will run toward the place where they came into the building simply because they have not taken note of any other entrances or exits. Sometimes they will pass an exit to get to the spot where they came in. This is why taking note of exits, any exits, is important. The reason I say any exits is sometimes there are exits not readily available to the public such as backstage exits, or personnel exits. Don’t let fences, barriers, vehicles, or even windows stop you from a fast egress from a dangerous situation. But make sure you know these are exits, which means doing a little homework on the building or event location.

2. One thing that I’ve bothered my family with for years is how you dress. Modesty is important to me but even more important is utility. If you are in a place where there are a lot of people, such as an airport, you may need to move quickly. Is it easy to run in flip flops? What if you have to walk a long distance, would your foot-ware tire you out? What if your long walk or run was through high weeds or alleys? Would your shorts be the best clothing? Comfortable shoes you can run in, long pants and maybe even a long sleeved shirt might serve you well in a unforeseen situation. Carry ID, cash, keys, phone, credit cards, a knife or blade if possible. You may not get back to your car or hotel room or home for some time. What you carry may be it for a while. Don’t be a “refugee” but someone ready for whatever comes their way. Coats, gloves, rain gear, or a hat are also a plus in inclement weather.

3. Flashlights are indispensable. Many of these shootings have happened at night or in the dark of a theater, or a night club. A light can save you by showing you where real cover is, where concealment is, or show you the path to an exit. Moving in darkness can be dangerous and fruitless. I’ve carried a flashlight for years and often it gets more use than my multi-tool.

4. Situational awareness is always so important wherever you are. I’m not saying you have to be in Orange all the time, but at least Yellow! Too many times we get too relaxed and we slip into White and are totally unprepared. Being aware can keep you from being hit by a vehicle, whether the driver is intentionally or unintentionally, careening toward you in a crowd of people. If you are so inclined or have the opportunity, find out what gunshots really sound like. Too many witnesses say “I thought it was fireworks…” when they should have been moving toward an exit or cover. Learn to identify a muzzle flash too. Also, learn what cover really is. Too many people think a car door will stop a bullet. You can relax and enjoy yourself without going stupid and being in White. (Referring to the Cooper color code) When you are aware make sure it is 720 degrees. That is all around you and up and down too. In the case of Vegas, the danger was coming from above.

5. Be armed all the time everywhere. Be legal, but be armed. In the case of the Vegas shooter returning fire was not a good idea. I’m not sure of distance involved and you’d hate to hit short and hurt or kill someone else. But in most cases, evil shooters cower in the face of return fire or better yet, kill themselves. These people are not soldiers, they are generally cowards. Being armed is not easy. It takes time, money, and work. But being able to defend yourself is truly priceless. If I can’t carry a gun I’ll have a blade, tactical pen, and other legal defense weapons.

6. Medical knowledge and med kits are invaluable. Some people carry in their EDC a battle dressing or a tourniquet or both. These type of things are essential in a mass shooting situation. Get some good training from a medic or an EMT. Someone who deals with emergency medicine. Most medical professionals are tied to a hospital or ambulance filled with supplies and equipment and communication gear. If you learn the basics of using tourniquets and compression bandages. Often what you really need are blood stoppers. Having a good stocked first aid kit in all your vehicles is a must. The average first aid kit from Walmart is not very good. It is better than nothing though. I recommend you make your own and include 10 to 15 surgical pads. I stopped at a car accident once and needed more than the 4 pads I had in my kit.

In summary going out in this world can be dangerous. We are no longer safe from wackos or terrorists. We can be better prepared. Most of us think we are different than war-torn countries but that is an illusion. Our world can be turned upside down in a second. Being in a large crowd is not advised but don’t become paranoid and never go to a football game or a concert again. Use your head. Try to sit near an exit if possible. Do the same in restaurants. If we’re careful we can minimize being caught in a dangerous situation. If all of us did the above six steps we could make a difference and be an asset if something goes down.

Stay safe!

Semper Paratus
Check 6

Thursday, October 5, 2017

Monthly Read: Book Review For October

Once a month I will review and recommend a book. I know in this digital world that paper books are a little out dated. Most hard copy books are now in digital form, often in PDF. I would recommend a good well rounded hard copy library in your home. Some of the best books are old and out of print. There are certain publishers and authors I really like. This will be books I like and really only my opinion. If you’d like to recommend a book for me to review e-mail me and we can make it happen. The subjects will be varied but will have to do with the theme of this website, LDS Gunsite. Guns, preparedness, LDS History, security, self-defense, and patriotism are just a few examples. I have a big library of mostly reference books so I will draw heavily from that. Some books may be old and out of print. But most will be books you can find on Amazon.
October’s Monthly Read is: Wood Heat by John Vivian
Publishers review
More and more people are buying stoves, having fireplaces installed, laying in cords of firewood. This book will tell you everything you need to know, and more, about heating with wood. There is a photo series showing how a masonry fireplace is built, line drawings showing the proper way to install an insulated stovepipe chimney, a chapter on annual maintenance, and a visual guide to 22 of the most common North American fuelwood trees.
My review:
I love this book! I borrowed an old copy from a friend and kept it for longer than I should. When I went to return he told me I could keep it. I was so grateful! Then I found a more recent edition of it and just last year gave away that original copy to someone who just built a new house with a wood stove in it. So it went to a good home.
This book is very thorough as far as it covers literally everything concerning heating with wood in your home. I love the illustrations in it. It covers building your own stove to most of the commercial stoves that are out there. The author gives you lots of ideas for cutting, splitting, and storing wood. I learned much about heating with wood from this book. I recommend it whole heartedly.

Mainstream Media Does It Again

News. There’s a joke. I just read several articles about this new “evil” stock that makes your rifle an automatic. It’s called a bump fire stock. Well what a surprise. In an attempt to scoop everyone, these reporters get stupid research and rely on it for their reporting. So do law makers. A bump-fire-stock is only something that helps you do what I’ve done since I was a kid. It’s called bump fire and it’s not illegal. I can do it with any semi-auto rifle. I’ve even done it with a semi auto shotgun (which is fun as heck, I might add!). I used to do it with my 10/22 when I was a teenager. Some nut case kills a bunch of people and the general public, law makers, and law enforcement think they can figure out a way to never let it happen again. I don’t care how many guns, accessories, or ammunition you ban, it WILL happen again. There are sick, evil people out there who do these things and we’ll probably never know why.
Really what it comes down to is the only person that can keep you safe is YOU! And even then, there’s always the human element that could put you in harm’s way. I don’t think I can think of any idea as to how you would stop someone from doing what this nut case did in Vegas. There are some safeguards you can put in, but never an absolute thing that can be done to keep this from happening again. I’m not saying we shouldn’t look at any options but banning a stock won’t do much. Dianne Feinstein wants to ban it because she thinks it’s like “war”. She obviously has never been in combat. I can just see someone trying to bump-fire in combat. They would be what we call a casualty. It drives me nuts that people who know nothing about guns, combat, or shooting write stories, and make laws about something they know absolutely nothing about! I don’t know why these people can’t find real sources for their gun and shooting information. It’s not too hard to find an expert who will give you honest, unbiased info. But, as I have said before. I’m not sure some law makers or “journalists” care much about the truth. They have an agenda and that’s all they are concerned with. And before the friends, and family can even grieve, these hacks have made their judgements and have taken their stances. They will not let any tragedy go by without trying to make headlines or political hay. They, in my opinion, are guilty of some hand in these shootings. They go crazy with them and turn them into a three ring circus. Other nuts actually learn from every detail of a shooting that the press mishandles. If they would just stop going into detail for every nut case and government hater to learn from I think that might help. But they will not. They are not really interested in public safety.
Do me a favor. When you watch the mainstream media or read what they write understand that their knowledge of guns and shooting are extremely limited. There are a few journalists that know what they are talking about. They paid the price and actually did more than a Google search. Search for the truth about the guns that were used and don’t just believe them because they are published or on TV. It’s like the internet, not everything is true.

My thoughts and prayers are with the victims and their families and friends.

Semper Paratus
Check 6

How To Store Ammo and How Much

If you shoot a lot, whether it is competition, keeping your skills up, or hunting, you’ll probably store some ammo. As with long-term storage of almost any item, try to focus on storing ammunition in cool, dark and dry areas. The number one concern with extended ammunition storage is moisture and humidity, which can lead to corrosion. In general, ammunition must be protected from moisture and should also be protected from temperature extremes.
In most cases, you can adequately store modern ammunition in their original paper boxes for several years inside your house, which typically has a controlled humidity level. However, this does not address the challenges of storing ammunition for 3-5 years or longer. If you plan on storing it for any longer time periods, than you need to take a several precautions:
1. Store your ammunition in a low humidity location. Humidity is the enemy and it will kill your ammunition with corrosion, thus making the rounds dangerous to fire. One of the best methods for extending the service life is to use ammo cans. If you have good ammo cans and pack your ammo well you can easily have your ammunition survive very long term storage.

When using ammo cans, the key to success is to lower the humidity in all the packing material before sealing the ammunition in an airtight ammo can. If you are storing loose ammunition this is not really an issue since there is nothing to trap humidity, but air. If you are storing your ammunition in cardboard boxes inside the ammo can you will need to get the humidity out of the cardboard before sealing the can for storage. The easiest way is to use a dehumidifier, you probably have on inside your gun safe to protect your guns. Placing the ammo and container (unsealed and open) inside the safe several days will draw the moisture out of all the packing material to ensure you start with the proper humidity conditions. Also, make sure that the ammunition itself is clean, dry, and wiped off, especially if you have handled it with your hands. Next take a few new desiccant packets and place them in the ammo can. The great thing about using silica gel desiccant packets is that they can be recycled and reused by simply putting them in a dehydrator or in a kitchen oven on a 150 F degree setting for a few hours, which will remove the humidity and moisture for reuse. In addition, add a humidity sensor card to provide a quick visual inspection as you conduct periodic checks of your ammo. All you need to do now is seal the ammo can and it should give you years of successful storage.

Another method to fighting the humidity problem is to vacuum seal your ammunition to help protect it from water, rusting or even burying it underground. Use a desiccant packet in your vacuum sealing process for added protection.
2. Rotate your ammunition whenever possible. It is important to note not to store you ammunition longer than necessary. Rotation, just like long-term food storage, is the second key to successfully storing ammo. Rotate your ammunition as often as possible and make sure you mark dates on your ammo cans so you use the oldest ammo first.
3. Now that you have your ammunition sealed and stored you will need to conduct periodic checks every 12 to 24 months. This step will only take a few seconds if you placed a humidity sensor card in the ammo can during step number one. Simply, inspect the card to ensure the humidity is less than 30%. You can also remove the existing desiccant packets and replace with new (or recycled) desiccant packets. Doing periodic checks will make sure your stocks are ready when you need them.

Now that you know how to store ammo the question is how much? This question has been debated for years. I’d like to shed a little light on this but I’m sure there will be many voices that may agree or disagree. I’ve noticed this subject is not really one that even gets discussed with shooting buddies at the range. No one wants to admit that they are a little paranoid or even genuinely concerned about future laws, current political climate, or even ammo availability. All of these things are good reasons to store ammunition. I have stored ammo for years only because I want to be able to shoot what I want, when I want. I live outside a small town that has only so much ammunition is so many calibers. When the crunch hit in 2008 to 2014 I didn’t have any problems because I had ammo storage. I was looking, like everyone else, because I was afraid I wouldn’t be able to replenish what I was using. It didn’t stop me from training though, which I’m grateful for.
I’d love to be able to say there is a fast and hard rule for an amount of stored ammunition. There is not. Everyone will give you a different answer. Try searching the internet for that answer. You will come away more confused than you started. Some say you need X amount for a zombie apocalypse. Others think that’s silly and talk about specific amounts for practicing, hunting, and defense. Some just have a rule of thumb “X number”. So I guess I need to do the same. As a general rule of thumb, I would suggest you keep a minimum of 1,000 rounds of ammunition per caliber stored away not to be used for practice, and another pile of 1,000 rounds for practice. That amount will fluctuate as you use it and replace it. That’s a minimum of 2,000 rounds that you should buy over time, and that’s also just for one caliber. I actually put my storage goals on my ammunition inventory sheet. Some calibers I will get more than others. These numbers depend on your guns. I have several 9mm hand guns and even a 9mm carbine. Obviously, I’ll get more of that than a little .25 caliber handgun that we own. I shoot a lot of 9mm and .22, so that number will be higher than my stock of .308. I don’t hunt anymore so I’ll shoot that rifle once in a while. We only own one .308 rifle so that will influence how much we stock. 2,000 is just a number and you should be realistic about the amount you think you’ll need. Some say an Army infantry soldier carries only 210 rounds in his load out. That may be true, but what kind of re-supply can he receive? I don’t plan on having firefights but what if I did? Would I be able to take care of those ammo needs? I’m not suggesting 10,000 rounds per battle rifle, but I’m suggesting being real. Those that say you’ll never be in a war situation are being un-realistic. It could happen, but is it likely? These are the questions you must ask and answer. Don’t impugn someone’s choice of storage ammunition. If that’s the way they feel who’s to say they are wrong? Like food, water or any other preparations, you must decide for yourself. I feel comfortable with the above 1,000 for practice, and 1,000 for storage “rule”. Would I ever have more than that? Of course, Rudyard Kipling said it best:
"A man can never have too much red wine, too many books, or too much ammunition."
I suppose he knew. Storing ammunition can be easy and simple, but you must do your best to be safe. I’m not too worried about kids getting into ammo. Why are some politicians so worried about ammunition but not about sharp knives in the home? Ammunition is pretty safe outside of a gun. Yes it will “explode” but without the confinement of a guns chamber, the bullet won’t “shoot”. Being able to hit a primer at the right angle and pressure is difficult unless you get a nail and a hammer. Power tools, steak knives, and over-used electrical outlets are more dangerous than loose ammunition. But I digress.
You must determine how much ammunition to store. If you follow the above precautions, you will have years of service from stored ammo. If you know the origin of the ammo, and how it was stored, you can probably safely shoot it. If you do not, be very careful with it. Old ammo can be dangerous. Corroded ammunition should never be shot. It’s not worth the risk to your safety, to others around you, and to your gun. I’ve seen people do this, but in experimental form. With a specific gun mounted, and being safely away from the gun when it shot. I would strongly advise against it! It’s not worth those few cents.
I will share with you several ideas I found on the internet and you can see how crazy it can be out there.
Example 1: Hunting ammo should include (a minimum) of 1000 rounds of assorted hunting loads for your shotgun, 400 rounds for your big game rifle, and 4000 rounds of .22 Long Rifle.
Defensive ammo should include (a minimum) of 500 rounds of defensive ammo for your tactical shotgun, 1000 rounds for your handgun, and 2000 rounds for your rifle. For the rifle and pistol also have a good supply of magazines.

Example 2: Hunting and defense ammo. Both types of ammo are highly essential for SHTF. For defense, you should stock up a minimum of 500 rounds of defensive ammo for your shotgun, approximately 2000 rounds for your rifle and finally 1000 rounds for your handgun.

Meanwhile for hunting, you should possess at least 1000 rounds of varying and assorted hunting loads for your shotgun, 400 rounds just for your large game rifle and finally 4000 rounds for your .22lr rifle

Example 3: Input I have collected from numerous preppers seem to settle on the figure of at least 5,000 rounds per caliber on hand

Example 4: Looking at the Army’s own information about this, we find that infantry soldiers carry a total of 210 rounds of ammunition for their rifles. That consists of one magazine of 30 rounds in their rifle and six more magazines of 30 rounds attached to their plate carrier and/or chest rig.

Then it would seem that 1,000 rounds of good rifle ammo and 150+ good pistol ammo is a bare minimum for stockpiling when the you-know-what hits the fan.

As I’ve said above, use discretion, wisdom, and some sense in choosing what you will store. As far as fire hazard, ammunition is not. But that’s for another article.

Semper Paratus
Check 6

Tuesday, October 3, 2017

Porter Rockwell and The OODA Loop

The OODA loop is well known in fighting circles. It’s even used in business.
Whether you’re developing a retirement savings plan, or buying lunch, you’re using the OODA loop. Even when you’re doing things as automatic as grabbing a drink from the fridge or driving the same route to work as you do everyday — you’re using the OODA loop. It’s a proven model, and when we use it to an extent that matches the importance of the actions we’re taking, it works remarkably well.

So, what is the OODA loop? OODA stands for Observe, Orient, Decide and Act. When we do anything this process is what our brain must go through. We observe that something is happening, orient towards it (figure out what it is), make a decision as to what we need to do and then act.
The OODA Loop principle was developed by Lt. Col. John Boyd for aerial combat in the Korean and Viet Nam war era. John R. Boyd figured this science out as a young U.S. Air Force fighter pilot. John was cocky even by fighter-pilot standards…he issued a standing challenge to anyone who dared to try to defeat him in mock aerial combat. To make it even more of a challenge for him once in the air he would start from a position of disadvantage. He bet that he’d have his jet on the challenger’s tail within 40 seconds, or he’d pay them $40. Legend has it that he never lost. His amazing ability to win any dogfight in 40 seconds or less earned him his nickname “40 Second” Boyd.
What Lt. Col. Boyd discovered was that if he could keep the opponent in the loop, and he got through OODA, that he had a great advantage. For example, if the enemy was observing Boyd roll right, was orienting to this move but before he could decide or act Body rolled left it made that enemy have to start the OODA loop all over again.
As Boyd taught the principal and taught airmen to get through the loop (and keep others in it) he discovered that after five go rounds at actual air combat that pilot became virtually unbeatable. After five they would not get caught in the loop but would rapidly get through it and act first. He put science behind what pilots had somehow knew in WWI and WWII as they called a pilot who shot down five enemies an Ace.
There is an FBI report on Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted. This report is based on interviews with those who have been arrested for assaulting police officers. Remember how the pilots were virtually unbeatable after five times facing combat? According to this report the average person who attacks a law enforcement officer in a deadly force engagement has had an average of five uses of deadly force in their past. This is why reality based training is so important. Our brains do not know the difference between real events and events in training. Using scenarios we could get through dozens of deadly force engagement and learn from them!
In self-defense we want to get through the loop and keep the attacker in the loop. If, while the attacker is observing and orienting to our defense they get kicked in the groin or finger jabbed in the eye their brain will automatically go back to observing and orienting. When they get to the orienting about the strike we then attack again and start the loop all over again for them. Keeping the attacker in the loop while we are to the action phase of the loop is a big step towards winning an encounter.
Porter Rockwell understood this. There is a story about him that illustrates Port’s keeping an opponent in the loop.
A young gunslinger got the drop on Rockwell. “Say your prayers,” he demanded. Rockwell replied, “You wouldn’t try and shoot a man without a cap on your pistol, would you?” The instant the man glanced at his gun, he was blown from his saddle by Rockwell, who had a gun hidden in his pocket. Port understood concealed carry. He also understood the OODA loop and how to use it effectively.
We too can be as wise as Porter Rockwell.
Semper Parartus
Check 6

Your Safety And Security Is Your Responsibility

I was contemplating a new article for this blog last Friday. This is not a response to the Vegas tragedy. I felt inspired to write about an active shooter situation. We’d just done an active shooter exercise at work and so it was fresh in my mind.
Sunday September 30th, in Las Vegas another nut case let loose on unsuspecting, innocents. They were just enjoying a concert. The details are still being found but the shooter was a 60 something year old man. From some of the videos it sounded like he had an automatic weapon. A true “assault weapon.” Details are still sketchy but as usual with these cowards, he killed himself when someone confronted him. It was a little unusual that he shot from a hotel window down on a crowd.
Over the years I’ve talked to a lot of military, tactical, and law enforcement professionals who’ve spent their careers training and dealing with violent individuals: U.S. marshals, SWAT officers, and Special Forces operators. And I’ve asked them all this same question: What’s an average Joe civilian like me supposed to do when faced with a gunman who’s indiscriminately firing on people?
They’ve all answered the same way.
1.You’re on your own
I know this is much less than comforting. How is this information relevant? I think it speaks to situational awareness and other things. You can’t always control where you will sit during a large public event such as a concert or sporting event. But you can do your homework. As you come into the event, take note of the exits. Find at least another exit besides where you came in. Most shootings are over within 2 to 5 minutes. This means very few police will be on scene. There might be some security right there, but you are basically on your own. So, when your hear shots, don’t be like everyone else and say after the killing “I thought it was fireworks!” which is what everyone seems to think. When you hear those shots, go toward your pre-designated exit unless that would be toward the shots. Then choose your other exit. What’s the worst that can happen? You go back to your seat when it was found that it really was fireworks? Actually the worst is that it really is shots. But you have found a way out. Every situation is different but leaving and getting out of the area is best. Especially before it turns into a stampede. Do not freeze, act! It’s easy enough to assume all is well or to not know what to do. Don’t be like the rest of the sheep. This is called the normalcy bias. This causes people to act as if nothing is out of the ordinary. You must fight off this tendency and do something. Fireworks fits better with their brain than someone indiscriminately killing people. Do not be like everyone else, move, act, and be safe. Even in combat those in it don’t want to believe it.
2. Decide now what to do.
Once you’ve decided what you would do, work that plan when it happens. This will help you keep away from the normalcy bias. Work through scenarios and have a plan. Even if you have to alter the plan there is something in place.

Remember the OODA loop. Everyone, including the shooter, is running their loop. Observe, orient, decide, and act. He who finishes their loop first usually wins the fight. OODA Loops can begin way before an actual encounter starts. By coming up with a plan of what you would do in an active shooter situation before one ever happens, you’re already engaged in the second step: Orienting. Should you encounter a shooter, you can act immediately because you’ve already begun the cycle and already have a plan in place. Remember, ABO: Always Be Orienting. Because the world around you is constantly changing, orientation is something you can never stop doing. “ABO = Always Be Orienting” should become your mantra. With preparation you can always be one step in front of an opponent.
3. Maintain situational awareness wherever you go.
It drives my family crazy that I’m always throwing up scenarios to them. What would you do if this happened? Or that? It used to be a fun game but I guess I’ve turned it into an annoyance.
But we must be aware. I’ve written a lot on this subject so I won’t go into it all here again. I’m sure it will be in numerous articles to come.
Here are some of my previous articles on the subject:
Pearl Harbor and Situational Awareness 12/7/2016
Happy Situational Awareness Day! 9/26/2016
Situational Awareness...Again 8/2/2016
Seeing And Hearing An Attack 6/29/2016
Learning From San Bernardino and Terrorist Attacks 6/10/2016
Vigilance and "Some Sort of War" 8/6/2016
Let’s just review some of the basics.
Stay in Yellow. There’s no specific threat situation, but you have your head up and you’re taking in your surroundings with all your senses. Most people associate situational awareness with just visual stimulation, but you can also learn a lot about a particular scenario from sounds. This is especially true for active shootings. If you hear gunshots or something that sounds an awful lot like gunshots that should be a sign that you need to start immediately preparing to take action.
Though your senses are slightly heightened in Condition Yellow, it’s also important to stay relaxed. Staying relaxed ensures that you maintain an open focus, which allows you to take in more information about what’s going on around you. Research shows that when we get nervous or stressed, our attention narrows, causing us to concentrate on just a few things at a time. A narrow focus can therefore cause us to miss important details in our environment.
Remember to establish baselines. A baseline is what’s “normal” in a given situation, and it will differ from person to person and environment to environment. A baseline in an office would be people working at their desks or chatting in a lobby. A baseline at a restaurant would be people in uniforms coming in and out of the kitchen and customers entering and exiting the restaurant through the front door.
We establish baselines so that we can look for anomalies. Hearing gunshots at a college campus is definitely out of the ordinary, and should immediately trigger your active shooter plan of action. But let’s take a look at a subtler anomaly. If you’re at a movie theater and you see a guy entering the theater from the exit near the screen. That should definitely put you on alert. It could just be a guy sneaking in for a free movie, but it could also be a gunman. You don’t need to go and immediately tackle the guy, but you’d certainly want to keep your eye on him and make sure you’re prepared to quickly move out.
The experts say your best bet in an active shooter even is to Run, Hide, Fight.
Running away should always be your first line of action. As soon as you hear gunfire, leave the premises immediately using your preconceived escape plan and get as far away from the shooter as possible. Ideally, you’ll be able to escape without having to cross the shooter’s path.
Sometimes running isn’t an option. Maybe the shooter is in front of the only exit and you can’t jump out the window because you’re on the fourth floor. If you can’t make an escape, the next best thing to do is to hide in a secure location.
When running or hiding have failed or aren’t viable options, it’s time to resort to plan C: Fight!
Most civilians don’t think they can take on an active shooter because, well, the shooter has a gun and they likely do not. But here’s the thing: it is possible for unarmed individuals to subdue or chase away an armed shooter. Anthony Sadler, Spencer Stone, and Alek Skarlatos — the 3 friends who rushed a terrorist aboard a train to Paris — did it, saving dozens of lives. So did Frank Hall, a football coach who ran down a shooter and chased him out of a high school in Ohio before he could wreak massive carnage.
Remember that there is always something you can do. You don’t have to be a victim!
Semper Paratus
Check 6

Tuesday, September 26, 2017

Wet Ammunition

These are turbulent times and as we watch disasters unfold we try to anticipate how to be prepared. If you are prepared you won’t fear. So we should strive to be prepared. If you want to be there to help others, you must first be prepared yourself.
I’ve experienced a few disasters in my time. I was in an earthquake in California. I experienced tornados in Arizona and Texas. I also went through a flood. I learned a lot going through these things and hopefully, we can all learn without having to experience them.
A flood can be devastating. Water is one of those most powerful and potentially destructive things on earth. After a flood it takes some time to rebuild lives. So what if you have taken care of everything else and you have ammo that went through a flood?
SAAMI (Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute) is an association of the nation's leading manufacturers of firearms, ammunition and components. SAAMI was founded in 1926 at the request of the federal government and tasked with:
1. Creating and publishing industry standards for safety, interchangeability, reliability and quality
2. Coordinating technical data
3. Promoting safe and responsible firearms use
They have put out information of how to deal with ammo that have been exposed to a lot of water. They give good and sound information on how to deal with it:

Guidance on Ammunition That Has Been Submerged In Water
Torrential rains and storms surges that can result in flooding in areas of the United States bring
about several interesting questions. Is it possible to salvage ammunition that has been exposed to water? Can ammunition that has been submerged in water for a period of time be salvaged?
Should one set it out and attempt to dry it? What are the potential hazards?
To supply answers to these questions, one should look at the situation from two perspectives: First, ammunition that has been exposed to rain or moisture as could be normally encountered when hunting or shooting; and, secondly, ammunition that has been, for whatever reason, totally submerged for any length of time.
Centerfire rifle, handgun and shotshell ammunition is reasonably tolerant of exposure to light rain or dropping in the snow or on damp ground as long as the exposure is limited and the cartridges are wiped dry immediately. Ammunition should not be carried or stored in any manner that may collect and trap water, further increasing the exposure of the ammunition to moisture.
Rimfire ammunition is much more susceptible than other ammunition types to moisture damage from exposure to the elements due to the unique construction of the cartridges. Every effort should be made to prevent rimfire ammunition from being exposed to rain or dropped in the snow or on water‐soaked ground.
Regarding ammunition that has been submerged in water for any period of time, there are too many variables that would need to be considered such as the cartridge type (e.g., rimfire, shotshell, centerfire rifle, centerfire handgun); depth of the water; length of time the cartridges were submerged; are the primers on the cartridges sealed providing some degree of water resistance? What contaminates may have been in the water that might affect the powder charge or priming compound? and many others.
Some of the potential hazards of attempting to salvage or use the previously submerged ammunition include, but are not limited to:
1. Potential safety hazard in attempting to “dry out” the cartridges.
2. Possible further deterioration or damage of the loaded cartridge or its components due to drying methods.
3. Failure of the cartridge to fire, which could have life-threatening ramifications.
4. Initiation of only the priming compound or ignition of only a proportion of the propellant powder charge. This may result in insufficient pressure to push the projectile clear of the barrel resulting in the projectile stopping part way down the barrel and creating a bore obstruction. Firing a subsequent round through an obstructed barrel could result in serious bodily injury, death and property damage.
It would be impossible to ascertain for certain the extent of the deteriorating effect, if any, the
water may have had on each individual cartridge.
Therefore, the safe answer is that no attempt be made to salvage or use previously submerged ammunition.
The ammunition should be disposed of in a safe and responsible manner. Do not ship the ammunition back to the manufacturer. Contact your local law enforcement agency for disposal instructions in your area.

Let me say right now that I am pretty much an idiot. I’m a cheap idiot. I have used ammunition that went through a flood. I’m not sure what I was thinking but I did use it. It worked. There were a few that would not work, but most of it was fine after I cleaned it up. It was 9mm ammo. I didn’t really think about a potential danger (the idiot part). It had been dried for about two years in desiccant. I don’t think I’d do that now nor do I recommend it.

Semper Paratus
Check 6

National Situational Awareness Day

Today is National Situational Awareness (SA) Day. What is SA you ask? Well I’m gonna tell you. It is one of my most favorite subjects. Situational Awareness is the ability to identify, process, and comprehend the critical elements of information about what is happening to the team with regards to the mission. More simply, it's knowing what is going on around you.
In honor of this day I give you 5 ways to improve your SA.
Understand the baseline.
What is normal? When I was 12 I was taken on a hunting trip for the first time. We were hunting deer in Southern Utah. We were in a forest and I had never done this before so I didn’t quite understand the baseline. My cousin told me to listen and tell me what I heard. When that sound changes you need to know why. I learned what the forest sounded like when predators were near, when others humans were near, and when the deer were near.
Sometimes you can establish a baseline quick. Paying close attention you can tell if what you’re seeing is a baseline, or something else.
There are 3 things that may prevent awareness.
1. Not recognizing or understanding the baseline
2. Normacy bias
3. False focus
Not Understanding the Baseline. If you are not monitoring the baseline, you will not recognize the presence of predators that cause a disturbance. Other events can cause this too. Any unusual occurrence from a car accident to a street fight can create a concentric ring. One of the keys to personal security is learning to look for and recognize these disturbances. Some disturbances are dangerous, some are just entertaining.
Normalcy Bias. Even though we may sense a problem that could be alerting us of danger, many times we will ignore the alert due because of our desire for it NOT to be a danger. We want things to be OK, so we don’t accept that the stimulus we’re receiving represents a threat. We have a bias towards the status quo. Nothing has ever happened when I do this, so nothing is likely to happen.
False Focus. This is some form of distraction that is so engaging, that it focuses all of our awareness on one thing and by default, blocks all the other stimulus in our environment. This is when someone is texting and walks into a pole. The smart phone is the single most effective false focus ever invented. It robs us of our awareness in times and places where it’s needed most. Put it away.
Here are 3 things that promote awareness

1. Monitor the baseline
2. Fight the Normalcy Bias
3. Avoid the False Focus
Monitor the Baseline. At first, this will require conscious effort. But after a while, you’ll find that you can monitor the baseline subconsciously.
Fight Normalcy Bias. This requires you to be paranoid for a while as you develop your ability. Look at every disturbance to the baseline as a potential threat. This will allow you to stop ignoring or discounting disturbances and begin making assessments of the actual risk. But as you learn, people will think you are jumpy or paranoid. That’s OK. It’s a skill that will save your life.
Avoid using the Fake focus. It is ok to text while you are sitting at your desk or laying in bed. But it’s NOT ok to text as you walk from your office to the parking garage.
Any time you go into a new area, do a quick assessment of that area, then stop looking at it (the situation) and scan the rest of your environment to see what you’re missing.
Developing awareness is a skill. At first it will seem very awkward and self-conscious, but with practice, it will become seamless and subconscious. You will start to pick up on more and more subtle areas of disturbance and more complex stimuli. Eventually, people may think you are psychic as they notice how you seem to sense events before they unfold.

Jeff Cooper taught this same concept in his book “The Seven Principles of Self-Defense”. It is his first principle.
Always know the answers to these two questions: (1) Who’s around me? (2) What are they doing? Situational awareness.
"A commander may be forgiven for being defeated, but never for being surprised."

Practicing situational awareness is most of the battle in self-defense. Not being surprised will give you the tactical advantage.
Semper Paratus
Check 6

Friday, September 22, 2017

Saving Water Damaged Guns

These are turbulent times and as we watch disasters unfold we try to anticipate how to be prepared. If you are prepared you won’t fear. So we should strive to be prepared. If you want to be there to help others, you must first be prepared yourself.
I’ve experienced a few disasters in my time. I was in an earthquake in California. I experienced tornados in Arizona and Texas. I also went through a flood. I learned a lot going through these things and hopefully, we can all learn without having to experience them.
A flood can be devastating. Water is one of those most powerful and potentially destructive things on earth. After a flood it takes some time to rebuild lives. So what if you have taken care of everything else and you have guns that went through a flood?
SAAMI (Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute) is an association of the nation's leading manufacturers of firearms, ammunition and components. SAAMI was founded in 1926 at the request of the federal government and tasked with:
1. Creating and publishing industry standards for safety, interchangeability, reliability and quality
2. Coordinating technical data
3. Promoting safe and responsible firearms use
They have put out information of how to deal with guns that have been exposed to a lot of water. They give good and sound information on how to save your guns:

Guidance on Firearms That Have Been Submerged or Exposed To Extensive Amounts of Water
Natural and man-made disasters may result in firearms being exposed to or completely submerged in rain or flood waters. The questions that arise are how best to preserve recovered firearms from further damage and will the firearm ultimately be safe to use again.
There are two distinct concerns regarding firearms that have been exposed to water: parts susceptible to moisture and rust damage such as metal parts, wood stocks and grips, and optics; and, secondly, infiltration of the action, barrel, and safety systems by grit, silt, and other foreign debris.
Traditionally firearms have incorporated wood stocks, grips, and metal parts that are highly susceptible to damage from short-term exposure or total submersion in water. Many firearms now incorporate corrosion-resistant metals and polymer stocks and frames that are less susceptible to damage from rain or flood waters; however, firearms owners should be aware that these newer materials are still susceptible to and/or will propagate moisture damage unless properly attended to.
When a firearm has been exposed or submerged in water, the first and foremost concern is to limit moisture/corrosion damage to the component parts of the firearm.
• The first order of business is safety: insure the firearm is unloaded and always wear safety glasses when disassembling, assembling or otherwise working on the firearm.
• When at all possible remove the stock or grips from the firearm. Whether wood or synthetic, the stock or grips may trap and hold moisture against corrodible metal parts.
• If possible, disassemble the firearm to the extent described in the user’s manual. If unsure of this operation, enlist the services of knowledgeable persons or a qualified gunsmith.
• Dry the metal, synthetic parts, and optics with available dry towels or cloths.
• Be particularly careful when drying off optics, as grit or silt that has been deposited on the lens may scratch the lens. Any optics should then be removed from the firearm at this point and returned to the manufacturer to insure that the hermetic sealing is intact and the lens coating not damaged.
• Very Important Note! Some moisture-displacing lubricants can cause damage to plastic/synthetic parts, aluminum anodized parts, wood finishes, and painted surfaces. Read the directions on the can and be aware of warnings.
• Flood all the metal parts and inside of the barrel with a moisture-displacing lubricant. Firearm-specific moisture-displacing lubricants such as but not limited to Birchwood-Casey Barricade™ (formerly marketed as Sheath™), Hoppes #9 MDL™ , Mil-Tec 1™, and Brownells LP-2™ are very good and available at many gun shops and sporting goods stores. Products such as WD-40™, Liquid Wrench™, CRC™, Blaster Corrosion Stop™, and similar products will do the job and are widely available at home improvement stores, hardware stores, and automotive supply stores. Boeshield T-9™ is an excellent product having been used by the Coast Guard for many years and available at many gun, sporting goods, bicycle, automotive, hardware, and home improvement stores.
• Work the moisture-displacing lubricant into every nook and cranny possible, as well as down the barrel.
• Using dry clothes or rags wipe off the initial application of moisture-displacing lubricant to remove as much contamination as possible. Reapply a second coat of moisture-displacing lubricant.
• Special attention should be paid to wood stocks and grips. Exposure or submersion in water may also result in damage to the wood finish. Wood stocks and grips in particular will hold moisture against metal parts for a long time and if not removed in a timely manner will greatly increase the probability of corrosion of metal parts they remain in contact with. Wood stocks and grips should be allowed to air-dry and not be force dried by exposure to heat. Allowing the wood to naturally air-dry will greatly aid in preventing the stock or grips from cracking or checking.
The above steps will go a long way toward stabilizing the condition of the firearm and limiting the damage caused by exposure to water.
Once the firearm has been thoroughly dried, consideration must be given to having the firearm
inspected and serviced by either the manufacturer, an authorized service center, or a qualified gunsmith for reasons not limited to the following, prior to being put back into service:
• Exposure to or submersion in flood waters may result in the water depositing silt and other
foreign debris in the action and safety mechanisms, which can impede or even disable their
proper function, or which may lead to an obstruction of the barrel which could result in a
catastrophic failure.
• Exposure or submersion in water may cause wood stocks and grips to swell and in some cases
impede or even disable the mechanical function of the action and/or safety mechanisms.
• The moisture-displacing type products referred to as a class of product in this document are
indicated for the intent and purpose of moisture displacement in the situations related
therein. Some products in this class may not be ideally suited for use in conjunction with a
firearm under normal circumstance. Individual products may have unique characteristics that
result in gelling, coagulation, or become so viscus as to prevent or impede the proper function
of any mechanical system within the firearm. It is therefore imperative that the firearm be
serviced by qualified persons prior to being put back into service.
• Depending upon the time the firearm has been submerged and the extent of exposure to sea
salt and industrial and naturally occurring chemical substances that may be in the water
source, it is impossible to ascertain with certainty the extent of the deteriorating effect, if any,
the water may have had on individual component parts without a compete and thorough
inspection and assessment of each individual firearm by qualified persons.
Failure to follow these recommendations can result in property damage, personal injury and death.

Recovering from a flood and hurricane can be overwhelming. But you should have something you can do to recover those guns that you have worked hard to purchase and maintain. SAAMI gives you that option.

Semper Paratus
Check 6

Thursday, September 21, 2017

Basic Privacy: Big Brother Is Out There

Privacy is something that is slowly going away. Especially in this internet, computer driven world. Try Googling your name. It’s amazing what you may find. I try it once a month and then try to change that footprint.
I like Facebook. It’s a way that works for me to stay in touch with my kids and others. I don’t like the openness of Facebook. I check my settings often and my profile is very limited. I do post a few pictures, but really very few. I have Twitter and Instagram accounts and will use them occasionally. I’m very careful what I post and who can see it. You can’t see much on my Facebook profile except who I’m married to and who I am. You can’t find my birthdate, my location, or even where I work. Those pieces of information are not available. I look at my security info on my e-mail accounts and other accounts quite often. You should too. I block websites that don’t give a choice to receive their spam mail. There is some info I want sent to me. I’d recommend getting the sale circular from Impact Guns in Utah They have stores in Ogden and SLC, Utah. Plus one in Boise, ID.
Or Gunnies in Orem, Utah. I subscribe to their pages and so I get info from them all the time. I don’t live in Utah but I have relatives near there that pick things up for me occasionally. Or I have it shipped. Anyway, the point is, there is some advertising that I want to have sent to me regularly. But most I do not. I am constantly “unsubscribing” to stuff that is sent to me. It’s a pain, but I want to keep my e-mail as clean as I can. Sometimes you can be paranoid and think that big brother is always watching. Well big brother IS watching. Make sure you do things with discretion.
Google Earth is a wonderful tool but I don’t really want to be found by everyone with 4G and a cell phone. I can’t change the fact that satellites can see me but I do what I can to maintain a low profile. With Google earth you can blur out your house and cars on the street view. Here’s how:
How to get your property blurred:

* Go to Google Maps and type in your address
* Bring up the street view of your property
* Look to the bottom right hand corner of the screen you should see an Icon Labeled:
“report a problem.”
* Click on “report a problem.”
* You will get a page labeled “report inappropriate street view.”
* Adjust the image so your house is inside the red box.
* Fill out the form
* Type the verification code at the bottom of the page into the box provided and click
* Check back in a few days to see if the image has been blurred.

You can also get license plates and faces blurred. For example, if you want a picture of your business on Google Maps but don’t want the license plate number of your vehicle parked in front on Google, you can get that blurred. You can also get your car blurred out as well if you want.

Technology is wonderful. I love the communication opportunities. Growing up I remember one rotary phone in our hallway. Now I hold in my hand the equivalent of my PC at home. It’s amazing what you can do with it, and it is constantly evolving.

We have an internet foot print but what about everywhere else?
Everyone knows that our Social Security number is like gold to a thief. So how do you safeguard it? Who needs it? Your Doctor? Radio Shack?

One of the best ways to get out of giving your Social Security number to someone is to simply overlook it on your paperwork. You may get by without a confrontation. If you're questioned, however, be proactive. The most basic thing you can do is ask the person or organization why they need it. One of the most powerful things you can say is, “Is there a law or requirement that I must provide it to you, and can you tell me what it is?” You can also ask the person requesting your Social what will happen if you don't disclose it.
You aren't legally required to provide your SSN to businesses unless one of the following is true:
You'll be engaging in a transaction that requires notification to the Internal Revenue Service; or
You're initiating a financial transaction subject to federal Customer Identification Program rules.
That would be Insurance companies, Credit card companies, the 3 main credit agencies: TransUnion, Equifax, and Experian.
Any company that sells products or services that require reporting to the IRS.
Any purchases over $10,000. That would be real estate, homes, and vehicles included.
Once a company has your number they are restricted by law with what they can do with it.
What about other little things in our lives?
How about your mail? Your snail mail that is. Should that be private? I get a lot of credit card requests. I also get a crazy amount of mail from the NRA. (They could save a lot of money by not mailing so much!) All of this should be safeguarded. Even the junk. You can tell a lot about someone from their junk mail.
What about your trash? Once it’s on the street it is pretty much public isn’t it? Yes it is. Once you roll your trash can to the curb or place your garbage bags on the sidewalk for pickup, you no longer have an expectation of privacy. In fact, it can even be searched by the police without a warrant. Simple thrown away packaging can speak volumes to the right person. Do you want burglars knowing you just bought a big screen T.V. or a computer? The same goes for guns or even preparation items. Be careful what you put in your trash outside your home. Get a shredder and use it on personal information.
Being private takes a little more effort and it takes a certain mindset. Do you tell others about yourself from the bumper stickers on your vehicle? Be mindful of what you let the public see in detail about your life.
Keep it private!

Semper Paratus
Check 6

Tuesday, September 19, 2017

Reality Based Training

I know several fighter pilots. In particular I talked with an A-10 Warthog, “tank killer”, pilot. He’s a great guy and a great father and husband. To meet him and get to know him away from his aircraft you would probably not guess that he was a pilot. He and I talked about controlling that fear and adrenaline dump that comes with a combat situation. He and I did some shooting together and I asked him how he kept control? He said because he had done it before. Training. Reality based training.
It’s been said that you never want to run into something for the first time in combat.
I’ve talked about the OODA loop (OODA=observe, orient, decide, act) and also the Fight or Flight survival trigger and its various components. I also talked about how it is necessary to go through those mechanisms as quickly as possible in order to go from a reactive to an active response to the attacker, and that it is a key factor in upping the odds in favor of your survival.
I will assume that those of you who are reading this that have had firearms instruction or combat training have heard of the effects that a spontaneous, unexpected threat stimulus has on the body. And I’m sure that we all were taught and all agree that one of the effects is that our fine motor skills go to heck in a hand basket in a high stress environment. In addition to tunnel vision, auditory exclusion, increased heart rate, the adrenaline and cortisol hormone cocktail totally negate your ability to execute fine motor skills in a gross motor skills environment. It is often described as wearing gloves or oven mitts. We’ve all been taught that. We all agree on that, right?
Tell that to a Fighter Pilot. Here you have an individual flying at Mach II in the cockpit of a $55 million dollar machine, 20,000 feet in the air, directing flight control over a bank of controls and instruments, both heads up displays and dash mounted, in charge of fire control, cognizant of the rest of his squadron and in contact with them, tracking radar both for position and possible enemy birds or radar lock on his position. In addition the pilot is following his mission directives and reporting status back to command. That is a pretty high stress environment if you ask me. And it sounds like the pilot is using some pretty fine motor skills.
Yet, it is true that all of the effects of adrenaline and cortisol that I mentioned previously are real and they do take place. So how is this possible? How can a fighter pilot use all of these finite motor skills in a high stress, gross motor skills environment? Because he has done it before. Why is it often bad guys win?” The answer is, because they’ve done it before. It’s the same answer here concerning the fighter pilot. Actually it’s the same principle. Funny thing about Principles and Concepts. They are completely objective. They don’t take sides. They don’t change. They are universal and they apply equally as well for bad guys as they do for good guys. How do we make them work for us? Reality based training. This is the game changer. This is what separates the traditional rote memorization of skills and techniques from the evolutionary, adaptive ability to effectively apply learned skills and decision making processes in the fluid, dynamic environment of actual combat. You may ask, just what the heck is he talking about? We’re going to take a brief historical look at the evolution of Reality Based Training. The goal of reality based training is to identify and analyze the combat environment and to reproduce it as closely as possible in training.
Enter Colonel John Boyd, aka 40 second Boyd, a nickname he earned as a fighter pilot in combat training because of his ability to gain the superior position on opponents in 40 seconds or less. John Boyd was a fighter pilot but was also one of the most influential and important Military analysts and strategists of modern times, also known for the concept of the OODA Loop. Boyd was in part responsible for the modernization of fighter pilot combat training and architect of the Air Force Fighter Pilot Training program which was also the model used to create the Air Force Red Flag Training and the US Navy Top Gun fighter pilot training program.
How does this relate to our discussion? I will ask another question. When do most fighter pilots get shot down? On their very first mission. Boyd and others looked at the data from decades of armed combat and were made aware of a very important statistic. Statistically it is most likely that a fighter pilot would be shot down on his first or initial combat engagements. However, if they survived their first 10 or 12 missions their survivability jumped dramatically. In fact so dramatically that statistically those pilots were almost never shot down in combat. As a result of this discovery many things were learned. One of which was that the environment of air combat did produce all of the damning effects of high stress, high threat physiological and psychological responses that we discussed earlier. This was not good for a pilot engaged in aerial combat. Oven mitts and tunnel vision do not enhance your survival skills at 17,000 feet.
By looking at this phenomena (the spike of survivability after a dozen or so sorties), much was learned about the human’s ability to adapt and prevail in spite of the effects of high stress in a combat environment. The most obvious is simply the benefit of “Combat Experience,” the more you engage in combat the better you are at it. As this was analyzed it was deduced that the more an individual faced these high stress environments, the more he was able to maintain both physical and psychological self- control in spite of the effects of large amounts of adrenaline, and cortisol, the increased heart rate and all the other stress responses and their resulting influences. And the more times he faced these environments the more he manipulated the environment and the less the environment manipulated him.
So in terms of Fighter Pilots it was proposed that if you could get a pilot through his first 12 Combat missions in training before engaging a real enemy in real combat then perhaps the survival rate would increase. And it worked. By creating as close a combat environment as possible in training and putting the pilot through that stress again and again you are in essence inoculating the individual to the stress of combat before he is actually exposed to it. Hence the term, stress inoculation that is now commonly used to describe this process.
Again, the question is; How does this relate to personal or individual combat? Well, principles don’t change, they don’t care where and how they are applied and they don’t care if you are a good guy or a bad guy.
Combat is combat. It doesn’t matter if you are engaged in a dog fight with an Iranian Mig or a bad guy who’s slinging lead or fists in your direction. You will experience all of the deleterious effects of a high threat, high stress event. A large part of your ability to prevail and survive will depend on whether the event controls you or if you control the event.
In terms of hand-to-hand combat the “Top Gun” training principle applies equally as well. The more experience you have had in gun fights or street fights the less you are “infected” by the stress of that action.
In terms of most people, they do not have the “privilege” or “misfortune” of actual combat experience and just as with fighter pilots you must in some way prepare yourself for it.
Reality based training is one of the best ways to gain at least an approximation of that experience. How do we accomplish that?
Welcome to a new ammo called Simunition. It enables the use of real guns firing wax bullets in gunfight simulations. It has become one of the standard training evolutions for almost all operators, agencies and departments around the world. Using Simunition, you could put operators into active force on force scenarios and run them through time and time again to give them their version of Top Gun training. And it works. Air soft training is a legitimate alternative to sims training, much easier and cheaper to use. I’ll admit it’s not quite as “real” but it also produces dramatic experiential results.
In terms of hand-to-hand combat there is of course no substitute for training. The key is taking the standard forms of training from the mat or ring to reality based training. Once again the need is to analyze the combat environment and reproduce it as closely as possible in training.
You must develop your own reality based training.
What are the basics of what you do or what you think you’ll be doing, in a defense situation?
Will you be sitting down? Maybe at a desk or in a vehicle? Will it be night or day? Would you ever have to fight with one arm? Would you be in a bathroom stall? Walking? Running? With someone? Will you be in a confined are or in the open? These are just some of the ideas you need to consider if your own situation. If you’ve got training partners you can get even more creative with multiple attacks, surprise attacks, attacks from behind, in a car, backed into a corner and any number of various scenarios.
You can introduce weapons, for example, fighting your way of a surprise weapons attack. A sock with a couple of whiffle balls stuffed into it works really well and it stings like hell. It’s very important to bring pain into the training as this really ups the stress level. Always wear eye protection.
These are just a few examples of how to start introducing some reality training into your conventional program.
Now mind you, you don’t have to practice these skills at the expense or exclusion of your other/current training. Remember, the first time you want to get attacked between two parked cars isn’t when a bad guy is really trying to kill you. You want it to have been two dozen times before in training.
We haven’t even touched kicking, grappling or ground fighting skills in regard to this subject, but I think you can see that any basic skill set you possess can be enhanced to reflect a more reality based, “Top Gun” approach.
So, what if you are someone who can not participate in active physical training for whatever reason. What can you do? Remember how real a dream feels? Do you have an imagination?
A few years ago a Arizona Highway Patrol officer spoke of this experience. Another officer radioed in that he was making a stop on a highway in the Arizona desert. He did not know that he was stopping a wanted felon. When the officer exited his unit, the bad guy wheeled out of his car with a nickel plated .357 magnum and fired off a round striking the officer directly in the belly. The officer went down and the bad guy took off. The officer crawled to his car and radioed “I’m shot, I’m shot” and fell back onto the pavement. The officer telling me the story arrived on scene about 5 minutes after the call. The downed officer was dying right in front of him and going into deep shock. Officer #2 tore open the downed officers clothes looking for a way to stop the bleeding. Funny thing though, there was no blood. He turned him over looking for an exit or entry bound and couldn’t find one. The officer in his hands was slipping away. There was no wound. The bullet had struck his belt, traveled around his side and out into the weeds. When the ambulance arrived they told officer #2 that 5 more minutes and the first officer would have been a goner. As you know, shock will kill you dead. So what is there to be learned from this? When the officer was shot, his thoughts were, “I’m shot. I’m dying.” The most important point here is, “If the mind truly believes something, the body follows suit. In effect the officer was willing himself to die and the body was following suit, shutting down the system.
So how can you develop training for yourself? You can use creative visualization to train. You can imagine the attack scenarios. But this has to be a vivid, HD quality movie that you watch. Imagine the sounds, the smells, the details of the attacker and the attack. Create your response, your vicious, ferocious response and your survival. The more real you make this waking dream the more “experience” you garner from the exercise. And you can let your imagination run wild. I hope that you realize that this also is as valuable as a training aid to anyone who is actively training in any form of combat, not just for those who are unable to train. There are certainly other aspects that go into the process of hardening the target including physical fitness, research and education. But, remember the Highway Patrol Officer? If you can imagine yourself dying, you can imagine an attack, your response, your survival and your experience. The use of creative visualization is not the real thing, but it can be the next best thing and in the game of life and death I will stack the deck with everything I can in my favor and so should you.
I watch a You Tube channel called Nutnfancy. In his testing and shooting guns he runs what he calls a “Run and gun”. This a course he sets up out in the Utah desert where you run and have several shooting scenarios and targets. He times them so some stress is added. You can see him at
You can devise your own training program. Make it simple. Part of my “workout” is shooting from different positions. From behind something, looking through something, angles, you get the idea. People watching me think I’m nuts. But standing and facing a paper target only teaches you technique. It’s important to practice good technique but there comes a time when you know how to hold a gun, aim a gun, and trigger control.
I’ve shot with air soft and I like this training. I’ve shot in a shoot house and I like that too. I’ve never used Simunitions but would love to.
Find a program you can use to give you that reality edge over your attacker. Make yourself a hardened target.
Semper Paratus
Check 6

Safe Water: Boiling

How long do you really have to boil water before it's safe to drink? The answer might surprise you!
So how long do you really have to boil water before it's safe to drink?

5 minutes?
10 minutes?
20 minutes?
30 minutes?

The correct answer: If you actually saw through our trick question and guessed 0 minutes, you would be correct!!

Now you might be thinking “Wait a minute... how is that possible?? That’s not what I learned on Survivorman or Man vs. Wild!” Well, as you are about to learn... it’s absolutely, positively & definitively 100% possible… with just a little knowledge!

There’s a lot of conflicting information out there regarding how to “purify” water to make it safe to drink, and it can get pretty confusing. There are chemical treatments, filters and of course the “old faithful” boiling of your water to make it safe to drink. Most of these treatments are completely viable for making water drinkable as long as you know the limitations of each method.

For this article we are going to stay away from the chemical and filtration methods of water purification and focus primarily on using heat to treat water and make it drinkable. Heat is an effective method for treating water because it eliminates (kills) the microscopic organisms that are living in that water that can make you very sick.

So how much heat? And for how long?

Great questions! Depending on your source, “conventional wisdom” has told us for decades that bringing water to a rolling boil at the very minimum and holding it there for a period of time is what is required to kill these microscopic pathogens.

For example, let’s take a look at what the Boy Scouts of America say about treating water:
“The surest means of making your drinking water safe is to heat it to a rolling boil—when bubbles a half inch in diameter rise from the bottom of the pot. While this is a simple method, it does require time and fuel.”

Now let’s take a look at what the United States Marine Corp. recommends for treating water:

“Purify all water obtained from natural sources by using iodine tablets, bleach, or boiling for 5 minutes.”

So are the Boy Scouts of America and the Marines wrong? No. Bringing your water to a full boil will absolutely kill all common pathogens that we have all learned to take so seriously because can make us sick with illnesses like Giardia, Cryptosporidium, E. coli and the rest. The problem with bringing your water to a boil, as you are about to learn, is that doing so is actually complete overkill when it comes to treating water for harmful microbes! Boiling your water, while completely safe and will absolutely kill those nasty pathogens, is actually a waste of precious fuel/firewood resources in a survival situation!

OK, so how much fuel are you wasting exactly?
Did you know that heating your water from 200° F to 212° F… just that last extra 12° to get your water to its boiling point… actually uses TWICE as much fuel as it does just to get your water to that initial 200°?? Well... it does. TWICE as much fuel! That is nothing to scoff at!

So now that we know what the Boy Scouts of America and the Marines say about purifying water (and we love both of these organizations!), let’s see what science tells us about using heat to purify water.

Important Temperatures to Factor In to this Equation:

212° F = Temperature at which water boils
160° F = Temperature at which milk is generally pasteurized
149° F = Temperature at which Hepatitis A is quickly killed
140° F = Temperature at which bacteria (V. cholerae, E. coli and Salmonella typhi) and Rotavirus are quickly killed
131° F = Temperature at which worms & protazoa cysts (Giardia, Cryptosporidium and Entamoeba) are quickly killed

As you can see from the temperatures listed above, the pathogens that we are primarily concerned about when it comes to safe drinking water are ALL killed (quickly) at temperatures much lower than 212°, the temperature at which water boils. That being the case... why would you unnecessarily waste any more fuel than you need to heating up your water those additional 63°?

Now let’s take another look at that milk pasteurization temperature above: 160° F.
Pasteurization is a process invented by French scientist Louis Pasteur during the early nineteenth century. Pasteur discovered that the pasteurization process made it possible to heat the milk to high enough temperature to kill all harmful microorganisms without “cooking” the milk causing it to curdle.

Now of course you never have to worry about your water curdling, but an important lesson can be gleaned from this milk pasteurization process that can be extremely beneficial: Water, like milk, does not have to be boiled to be safe to drink!

Temperature + Time = Pasteurization

Pasteurization is a process that occurs based on two variables: temperature and time. You see... you can actually pasteurize water at lower temps if you do it for a longer duration. This is extremely helpful in situations where A) you aren’t able to effect fire for heating your water, or B) you can make fire but you do not have a suitable container for boiling that can withstand the intense heat of your fire. Lower temperature/longer duration pasteurization can actually be done with discarded plastic 2 liter bottles set in the sunlight for longer periods of time (typically 6 hours). This method of disinfecting water is known as the SODIS (Solar Water Disinfection) method. You can even put something black or reflective behind your bottle to speed up the process!

So Why Do So Many Advocate Boiling Your Water?

The answer is simple: When those bubbles start to roll in your container of water, that is nothing more than a clear VISUAL INDICATOR that your water has become hot enough (actually MORE than enough) to have killed all of those little nasties. It works. It’s effective. But is it ideal? Or can we do better?

So if the bubbles from boiling water gives us that terrific visual indicator to let us know that our water has reached 212° F... but now we know that boiling our water to make it safe to drink is actually a waste of precious fuel resources (fuel, wood, candles, etc.)… how can we then determine if our water has gotten hot enough to have been properly pasteurized without those rolling bubbles? We could certainly use a thermometer... but most of these are glass and very fragile. Too fragile to keep from breaking inside your kit. We need something small, light, compact, durable and can be used over and over again to let us know that our water has reached that effective pasteurization temperature. SOLUTION: A tiny inexpensive device known as a Water Pasteurization Indicator (WAPI)!

WAPI’s are incredibly simple little devices. They are nothing more than a tiny sealed clear tube with a special brightly colored (easy to see) green wax inside of them. This wax (known as Myverol 18-06) is formulated to melt at just the right temperature for pasteurization (156° F or 69° C.). In most WAPI designs the tube typically slides up and down a thin cable with a tiny weight on each end allowing you to flip the tube so that the wax inside can be easily positioned at the top of the tube again.

To use your WAPI simply slide the little tube down to the bottom of the wire so that the wax-heavy end of the tube is oriented toward the top of the tube. Place your WAPI tube into your container of water draping the weight at the opposite end of your WAPI tube over the lip of your container so that it is easy to grab. Once your water has reached pasteurization temperature of 156°, the wax in your WAPI tube will start to melt allowing it to fall from the top of your clear tube to the bottom of your tube with a little help from gravity. This is your visual indicator that your water has been pasteurized!

While WAPI’s are extremely inexpensive to purchase (typically $5 to $8), it is possible to make your own WAPI! We have even seen versions made from drinking straws and glue sticks for hot glue guns. While you can make your own WAPI, they are so inexpensive that we recommend purchasing one. “Quality control” can be an issue with DIY WAPI’s causing inconsistent results… even when purchasing DIY kits made with genuine parts. Sometimes it’s just best to leave work like this to the experts… especially when a piece of kit like this is so inexpensive to begin with.


When traveling to countries that are known to have a questionable water supply (due to harmful pathogens remaining in the water supply), one little known trick when you cannot access bottled water is to pour yourself a glass of HOT water from the tap instead of cold. Water from the hot water heater has actually been pasteurized! Water from hot water heaters is typically between 120° F and 140° which is slightly below ideal pasteurization temperatures… but remember that heat + time = pasteurization! 99.999% of water borne pathogens are killed instantly when water is brought to 149° F. The same result can be accomplished with lower temperatures if you simply allow the water to remain at that temperature for a longer period of time. For example, water can be pasteurized at 130° F if simply held at that temperature for 2 hours.


As with anything else, use common sense when treating water. Your health and potentially your life are on the line. When in doubt, heat your water a little hotter or for a little longer. It can’t hurt unless fuel is at an absolute premium.

Just like with boiling, pasteurizing is not a panacea for making any water drinkable. For example, pasteurizing sea water will not make it drinkable as pasteurization does not remove the salts from sea water. Just like boiling, pasteurization only kills microorganisms that can make you sick. It does not remove chemicals, metals, pollutants or other toxins that could harm you from your water for you.

One example in particular that comes to mind where both boiling and pasteurizing water can make matters worse for you instead of better is in the case of the recent algae blooms in the Toledo area. Water of this type contains the toxin known as microcystis aeruginosa. Microcystis aeruginose is a species of freshwater cyanobacteria which can form harmful algae blooms (HABs) in fresh bodies of water. Boiling or pasteurizing water of this type actually INCREASES the presence of the toxins and makes your water more toxic to drink!

So when it comes to treating water to make it drinkable, be smart. Be careful. Play it safe. Use your head!

Semper Paratus
Check 6

Wednesday, September 13, 2017

Overwatch: Drill Of The Month for September

How to Have a Bug Out Drill
Training in the military can actually be fun. I can remember having a lot of fun on exercises.
Its important that when a disaster scenario happens, you and your family are ready to react.
Here are your goals:
• Get to safety as quick as possible
• Make sure you have everything you need to sustain life. (My acronym is ASWiFFS or air, shelter, water, food, fire, and security.)
Your family is probably going to think you’re a little weird for asking them to have a bug out drill (unless they have come to expect this sort of thing, like mine) but someday, it might just save their lives. That said, here are a couple bug out drills to practice with just you or the entire family.
Bug Out Drill #1: Evacuation
This scenario is not as likely as other bug out scenarios, but here’s one to practice your speed and coordination in a stressful situation.
Imagine you get a knock on your door. It’s the fire department, EMTs, police, or whoever. They give you 10 minutes to pack what you need and evacuate.
Time yourself. Anything you can carry after 10:00 minutes will be taken, all else left. Take your family out to eat and discuss the items they brought. Get your family thinking about the essentials of your bug out.
Bug Out Drill #2: Bug Out Weekend
Bugging out can be fun – plan with your wife to bug out, but if you have kids, don’t mention it to them until 5 or 10 minutes before you leave. Give your children 5 minutes notice that you’ll be spending the weekend camping, hiking, or whatever your budget can afford. That will really give you an idea of how well your bug out bag is prepared.
Bug Out Drill #3: Bug-out/Bug-in Weekend
Plan a bug in weekend. A weekend where you shut off the power and water to your house and spend the entire weekend with the power out and the water off. This will also give you a good idea of how you would cope in a grid-down scenario.
Before you have a bug out/in weekend, make sure you have a security plan, a plan for food and water, and a simple schedule of activities to keep your family having fun.
If you are not bugging out alone, then everyone in your family/party will need to have an idea of what they need to bring. A bug out bag packed with all of your survival gear prepared for each person is a must for any person preparing.
Bug in Weekends Can be Fun and Affordable!
Keep your bug out bag in an accessible location that is personalized for each individual. This is important because men and woman may have different needs as would a child or adult.
These items should be placed somewhere convenient and someplace easily accessible. Everyone in the family should know where to find these items and what it is they are responsible for. The goal is to have this accomplished in under 10 minutes. Essentially a grab and go.
Practice the Bug Out Drill
The military trains by repetition and so should you. Practice this drill every so often and time yourself to see how quickly you can respond to a scenario where you need to move you and your loved ones fast. You will also be able to determine the most ideal locations for your backpacks as well as the space you have in your vehicle.

See “Overwatch: Drill of the Month” page for more drills

Semper Paratus
Check 6

Monthly Read: Book Review For September

Monthly Read
Once a month I will review and recommend a book. I know in this digital world that paper books are a little out dated. Most hard copy books are now in digital form, often in PDF. I would recommend a good well rounded hard copy library in your home. Some of the best books are old and out of print. There are certain publishers and authors I really like. This will be books I like and really only my opinion. If you’d like to recommend a book for me to review e-mail me and we can make it happen. The subjects will be varied but will have to do with the theme of this website, LDS Gunsite. Guns, preparedness, LDS History, security, self-defense, and patriotism are just a few examples. I have a big library of mostly reference books so I will draw heavily from that. Some books may be old and out of print. But most will be books you can find on Amazon.
Septembers Monthly Read is: The Gift Of Fear: Survival Signals That Protect Us from Violence by Gavin de Becker
Publishers review
In this empowering book, Gavin de Becker, a leading expert on violent behavior, shows you how to spot even subtle signs of danger before it's too late. Shattering the myth that most violent acts are unpredictable, de Becker, whose clients include top Hollywood stars and government agencies, offers specific ways to protect yourself and those you love, including: how to act when approached by a stranger; when you should fear someone close to you; what to do if you are being stalked; how to uncover the source of anonymous threats or phone calls; the biggest mistake you can make with a threatening person; and more. Learn to spot the danger signals others miss. It might just save your life.
My review
I’ll be honest, I never actually read this book. I got it as an audio book. I love the information and the science behind his research and writing. The central message of this book is that in just about every case of seemingly 'random' extreme violence, whether it be attack from a co-worker or a spouse, the violence could have been predicted hours, days, months and even years in advance. De Becker says violence is predictable, when we learn to trust the fear instinct and read the signals of incipient aggression. Fear is not the same as anxiety or neurosis. It is an instinct of the mind, not a distortion, and de Becker claims you can develop your instinct for fear. I quite agree.

Semper Paratus
Check 6

LDS Missionary Fights Back After Attack In Brazil

I came across this video of two missionaries in Brazil street contacting.
Here's part of the article:

"They are frisked by the man with the gun as two other men hand over their possessions to the bike-rider.

But the armed robber was in for a shock, as the burlier of the Mormons grabs him and twists the gun out his grasp.

The bike-rider steps in but finds his friend's gun pointed in his face.

The Mormon then tosses the gun over a high fence and goes to town on the biker, knocking him across the street with a flurry of left and right jabs.

The gunman flees as a cop arrives, but the missionary is lost in a fist-fighting frenzy.

Even when the officer intervenes he continues landing blows on the criminal.

The robber eventually breaks free and flees, leaving the missionary standing, arms at his side, looking like he could go another few rounds.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints confirmed to The Salt-Lake Tribune that the two shirt-wearing men in the video were attached to the Manaus mission.

It said that they were in good health, but declined to release their identities."

I'm sure the Church is not that happy about this video because it doesn't depict the Church in the best light. But it does show that not everyone is a helpless victim. I had a gun pulled on me at a door once on my mission and it was no fun. I didn't, however, have someone try to rob me. Had that happened I fear I would have been like this missionary.
I'm proud of the guy! Defending yourself id something that is bred into Americans and he acted appropriately in my opinion.
Good job Elder! No one should cower to a threat when you can defend yourself. His situation awareness and quick thinking might have saved someone's life.

Semper Paratus
Check 6