Wednesday, September 19, 2018

Breathing: It's Not Just For Living Anymore

I was describing a few days of firefighting that I experienced to my kids and they asked, “Weren’t you scared? How did you keep going?” The answer to this is “I was scared beyond belief! But I was able to do my job because of oxygen. Air. I kept breathing.” I learned through helping my wife through all of our children’s births a good way to stay calm and focused. But how can you control adrenaline? You might ask. Easy. It’s called tactical breathing.
Special Forces, law enforcement, and UFC fighters use tactical breathing to keep a calm head in situations where adrenaline kicks in and tries to obscure their clarity.
You can learn how to run through your own tactical breathing exercises so that when you are in stressful situations at work, home, on the street, you are able to operate effectively.
Tactical breathing is a way to control adrenaline, stress, and anxiety caused by situations out of the norm. It could be when someone is injured, when you are in a fight, when someone breaks bad news, or when you are just having a horrible day at work. This type of meditative breathing is a quick one-minute trick to regain control of yourself.
More specifically, this combat breathing technique is used to control an adrenaline dump actually. It is something you have probably experienced several times in your own life. It is when a large dose of adrenaline is released throughout the body as a response to a stressful event.
That stressful event might be a car accident, a physical altercation, or a personal emotional occurrence where your ‘fight or flight’ mode has been triggered. So how do you control that stress response? Simple, you run your body through a short series of breathing exercises designed to calm the body and clear the head.
US Army Ranger Lieutenant Colonel David Grossman developed what has come to be referred to as ‘square breathing’ in his book “On Combat.” Basically it works like this:
• Breath in through your nose filling up your lungs and stomach for 4 seconds
• Hold for 4 seconds
• Exhale through your mouth for 4 seconds
• Hold for 4 seconds
• Repeat x 4
It is called box breathing in his book because that’s an easy way to visualize this breathing technique. You are essentially breathing in a box shape by figuring each of the four seconds as one side of the box. After each round, you should have completed one box breath.

When the body enters a stressful scenario, the body becomes chemically aroused to the point where it can cloud your judgment and often automatically control some of its functions. To diffuse this, we can use breathing exercises such as box breathing to keep a clear, logical, head.
For instance, in a gunman attack, once we realize that we are involved in what could be deemed to be a lone gunman incident or terrorist attack our body undergoes several reactions. Before you even realize it, your body has transformed into a heightened state of alertness. As soon as you see something like this, subconsciously you are under stress. Your body has just released a heap of stored sugars, fats and your adrenaline levels are through the roof. Your breathing has increased rapidly, your pupils have just dilated and your sense of smell and hearing has just picked up. On top of that, your muscles have tensed to prepare for action. Your blood clotting mechanisms are activated and you are in survival mode.
So now what? The next thing you do decides whether you are stunned with fear, start running for your life, or you stay and assist victims or move to attack an aggressor. This is the fight or flight response and a very mental element of survival.
For military, law enforcement and emergency medicine professionals, this is where their training and the use of tactical breathing exercises becomes important to diffuse their own stress indicators before being able to assist in an emergency.
To overcome that automatically induced stress, you can go through your own stress management systems. This includes understanding the situation and what is happening around you by using skills in situational awareness and by automatically running through the primary and most important, being tactical/box breathing.
For you to practice tactical breathing, it allows you to approach a stressful situation with clear judgment and a logical thinking pattern.
And it’s not just for when things go wrong or whenever you feel stress. Try this technique. You will be surprised how well it works as a form of meditation and a way to relax the body, mind and heart rate.
Not only is this a hard-stress reliever for military and law enforcement, it is also a strong meditation method and covers the basics of what most breathing meditation exercises consist of.
The guys from the SEALFIT team use that same box breathing exercise they were taught in Navy SEAL training in meditation aspects.
When you work on your breathing techniques with meditation and breathing exercises, it can also have a direct effect on:
• Performance in exercise and concentration
• Thinking more clearly and quicker
• Making better decisions while under duress
• Practice more control over body and mind
This is a little thing but can make a world of difference. It also works well for handling pain. That’s why it was taught in La Maze training for easier birthing techniques.
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